Lead fame hit | What is ‘Clout’? – with dialogue

a businessman and his colleagues in the office, resembling the meaning of clout in business, politics, etc.
Yan Krukov

Meanings of Clout

Welcome to another post and yet another word explanation … sort of. Today’s focus is on “clout,” a word that has resurged up into popularity lately. Clout in normal situations has a couple of different meanings already. It can be a hit or a strike, and also some kind of cloth.

But we don’t want to focus on those definitions. If you’re looking this up, you’re likely searching for the most common use for this word in — American English, anyway — which is having strong influence either in business, politics, or some field related to these.

Read more: Clout in the learner’s dictionary

This meaning, though, has slightly changed in recent times. In some casual or slang contexts, usually in music or on social media, clout refers to general fame or recognition. Someone with clout is in control, calls the shots, and makes the decisions. It’s pretty much the same as being popular.

Read: Clout in the Urban Dictionary

Also, having clout on social media is having lots of popularity (on those media platforms), having lots of followers, getting lots of attention, and so on. Sometimes people who are looking to be more popular or chasing after fame and influence are called clout chasers.

Oh, and perhaps you’ve heard of this?


Like I said, these meanings are all pretty close to the same thing. Still, informally, clout is more about having fame online or being popular when you go places. The traditional meaning is less about having showy popularity where everybody knows you and more about having real power and leverage to make big changes. This is often in an elite field like politics or business.

Below is a short story featuring the characters from Adventures of Charles. Here, clout is explored with some more or less realistic examples, if you care to see that. Either way, thanks for stopping by. Good luck with your English studies!

‘Lead fame hit’

clout used in sentences


What a weird story! I can’t believe you and Jonah saw all of those crystals, though. That must have been amazing. You’ll have to take me on your next trip.

Read previous story: Depth trap dive

Charles looked over at his friend, Sheila, with a smile as she steered the wheel. She had a way of making everything seem exciting. Oh, and she made driving look so cool.

–I know, it was amazing! The crystals were just beyond belief.

I guess Charles was also good at that.

Sheila thought for a moment, then decided to say, –I just don’t know how you guys afford these elaborate vacations. Are you guys, like, secretly rich or something? ‘Cus you need to tell me if you are.

Charles laughed and decided to tell the truth.

–Well, you know, I have nothing to do with it. Jonah is the one with all the connections. I think he has some clout with the airlines because of his cousin, so they let him travel when he wants.

  • He has some influence or leverage with this company, he has a certain amount of power and freedom with them.

–That’s dope! she responded enthusiastically, paying closer attention to the street signs now. Charles watched as the red and green streetlights skimmed over her face. –It must be good to have a friend like that.

–Well, I’m sure you have clout too in the music world. You could probably walk into a club and everybody would know who are. And want to buy a drink for you, too.

  • I’m sure you have influence, I’m sure that you are popular in the music world.

Sheila laughed.

–Hey! I ain’t that famous. Not yet, anyway. But I do wish I could get some of that clout on Instagram or something. My songs aren’t reaching the right audiences yet.

  • Get some popularity, more attention, influence on Instagram.

Charles placed a hand on her shoulder, about to say, “Don’t worry, grasshopper. Your time will come,” or something like that. But before he could shed his words, Sheila jerked her neck and turned to the side, pointing her finger at a dark corner building.

–Oh my God! That’s the old studio, she said.

–Really? Charles replied. –It looks barren.

–I know, huh? Let’s go record something! I bet you they still have all the old equipment.

As he undid his seatbelt, Charles nodded and replied, –Old equipment? Look out! Now you’ll really be famous.

Sheila parked the car at the corner by the dark-looking ruin of a building. Charles then took a deep breath, and they went in.

To be continued …

‘Butterfly Effect’ by Travis Scott – Lyrics for English Students

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Astroworld album cover by Travis Scott.jpg

“BUTTERFLY EFFECT” is a song by Travis Scott, as you might know, and it came off of his 2017 album, Astroworld. Below are the lyrics with some explanations about expressions, grammar, and other less-obvious meanings of the song. I am no expert on this song or on Travis Scott, but this might help those of you learning or studying English to better understand the words. If you’d like, please watch the video and read the lyrics and explanations. Then take another listen to see how much you understand the second time. Ready?

Read the lyrics without my explanations on Genius

Other explanations: Where is the Butterfly Effect; Interesting Song Facts

More Lyrics “Explained”

“Butterfly Effect” Lyrics & Explanations

All the commas

  • Other meanings: This probably has to do with money. The more commas, the bigger the number is; 1(,)00(,)000(,)000(,) …

Murda on the beat so it’s not nice

  • Other meanings: This is a popular tagline from the producer on this song, Murda Beatz.

Ooh, hmm

For this life, I cannot change

  • Figurative speech / Philosophy: Just a note about the title: the “butterfly effect” is the idea that changing something small or subtle in the past — like killing a butterfly — can lead to a completely different present and future. It’s also the idea that something small like a butterfly beating its wings can make huge ripples (impacts) in time. This theory kind of rings throughout the song as Travis says he cannot change, as if his life is destined to be this way. The lyric also could mean that this new lifestyle cannot change who he really is. But, like a butterfly beating its wings in the past, his impact will be made on the world.

Hidden Hills, deep off in the main

  • Geography / Other meanings: Hidden Hills is an upscale, sort of exclusive city in the north Los Angeles area where lots of rich and famous people live. It also sounds like he could be saying “in the hills” which has the same connotation. That’s because in Los Angeles, many of the rich and fancy neighborhoods are either literally in the hills or have the name “hills.”
  • Not sure: The “deep off in the main” part is a little confusing, but it could just mean that the people in this society have deep ties, deep roots, or deep connections there. Or something else entirely.

M&M’s, sweet like candy cane

  • Figurative speech: We know M&M’s. Some like chocolate and others swear by peanut butter. He could be relating M&M’s to certain drugs like ecstasy, comparing the “high” feeling of being on drugs to a sugar high from eating lots of sweets.

Drop the top, pop it, let it bang

  • Casual speech / Slang: “Drop the top” and “pop the top off” are ways to talk about taking the top off of a convertible car. “Bang” here could refer to playing loud music in the car. These expressions probably have other meanings too that are a little more provocative, so I’ll leave it at that.

For this life, I cannot change

Hidden Hills, deep off in the main

M&M’s, sweet like candy cane

Drop the top, pop it, let it bang

Drop the top, play hide and seek

  • Games: “Hide and seek” is a kids game where one person has to search for other people who are hiding.
  • Figurative speech: He doesn’t literally want to play hide and seek though. This could mean going to look for something or someone, or trying to run away or hide from someone. Doing things discreetly.

Jump inside, jump straight to the league

  • Figurative speech / Slang: Going to “the league” generally refers to young athletes who skip college and go directly into the professional league. He could be referring to someone joining his “team” or his crew. Come play with the big boys. This mixes in with a popular term among some black men to call each other “hitters,” like a baseball player that hits a ball. That’s not what it means, that’s just the relation to being on the team or in the league.

Take a sip, feel just how I be (It’s lit)

  • Grammar: *”Feel just how I am …”
  • Slang / Informal speech: Saying “how I be” refers to how the person lives, how they act on a regular basis, their style. This is very informal, by the way. Saying something is “lit” means that it’s fun, it’s cool, something good will come of it. It’s also one of Travis’s popular sayings.

On Freeway, but no, ain’t nothin’ free (Straight up)

  • Grammar: *”On the freeway, but no, nothing is free …”
  • Slang: Saying “straight up” like this is the same as “for real,” as if to reiterate that the person really means what they say.

Bend laws, bend lanes (Skrrt, skrrt)

  • Expressions: To “bend the law” means to break it basically, to go against the law. “Bending lanes” is driving quickly along turns on street lanes. Hence, skrrt skrrt.

Been bustin’ bills, but still, ain’t nothin’ change

  • Grammar: *”I’ve been busting bills, but still, nothing has changed …”
  • Slang: By “busting bills” he means he’s been spending a lot of money. Still, he makes a ton of money, so his financial situation isn’t affected by this.

You in the mob soon as you rock the chain

  • Grammar: *”You’re in the mob as soon as you rock the chain …”
  • Slang: The “mob” here refers to his crew again. The same goes for “team, squad, gang,” etc. To “rock” in this case means to wear something proudly, especially a certain brand.

She caught the waves, just thumbin’ through my braids (Alright)

person with twisty braids in their head
Some braids for you – Gift Habeshaw
  • Slang / Expressions: To “catch the wave” here means to get high (on drugs) and feel some wavy vibes. To “thumb” through something means to run one’s fingers through it as if to study it, like thumbing a book.
  • Culture / Style: He plays on the idea of waves as a hairstyle since “waves” have been a popular hairstyle for black men for a while.

Heatin’ up, baby, I’m just heatin’ up (It’s lit)

  • Expressions: “Heating up” figuratively means that something is getting started, it’s just beginning. A similar expression is “warming up.”

Need your love, not a need, it is a must

Feelin’ stuck, you know how to keep me up

  • Expressions / Dual meanings: “Keep me up” here means this person keeps him feeling well, positive, and in good spirits. It also has a more provocative meaning, though.

Icy love, icy like a hockey puck (Alright)

a hockey player hitting a puck into a goal, related to a line from Travis Scott's Butterfly Effect song
this hockey puck is icy – Samantha Gades
  • Slang: “Icy” here has a couple of meanings. It can be really cool, chill, relaxed, good-looking, and involving lots of “ice” or diamonds and jewels.

For this life, I cannot change

Hidden Hills, deep off in the main

M&M’s, sweet like candy cane

Drop the top, pop it, let it bang

For this life, I cannot change

Hidden Hills, deep off in the main

M&M’s, sweet like candy cane

Drop the top, pop it, let it bang

All the ones, all the chains piled on the mantle

All the dawgs, all the dawgs low creep right behind me in the Phantom (It’s lit)

front of a rolls royce phantom, related to a lyric from Travis Scott song Butterfly Effect
a scary Phantom – Taras Chernus
  • Slang: “Dawgs” is the same as a guy or a friend. To “creep” in this scenario means to move slowly and watchfully without trying to be noticed. In a car, it sounds like it means driving with the car low to the ground.
  • Regular speech: Saying “right” with a direction just adds emphasis to how close the subject is. “Right next to, right beside, right above, right there.”
  • Cars / Culture: A Phantom is a popular expensive car often referenced in rap / trap music.

Yeah, never go, never go dip on the set, stayed Santana

  • Informal speech / Grammar: *”I stayed like Santana …”
  • Slang: To “dip” in this case means to disappear or abandon something. The “set” is a person’s original “hood,” group or place that they most represent. So, Travis didn’t abandon his origins, in simpler terms.
  • Pop Culture References: He’s probably referencing Juelz Santana who was a part of a rap group called Dipset or the Diplomats.

Yeah, run it back, turn the lights on when I hit up Green Lantern (It’s lit, alright)

  • Expressions / Slang: To “run it back” means to do something again like repeat a song or phrase, or to go back to a place. To “hit up” a place means to visit it or go to it.
  • Personal meaning / Location: He could be talking about a bar in San Antonio called the Green Lantern, since Travis is from Texas and I’ve heard he went to this place.

Yeah, fly the broads, fly the dawgs down to Atlanta

  • Slang: “Broads” is another term for young women. It’s an older term that can be seen as disrespectful to some women.

Yeah, in the cut in Medusa, lay low, yeah, I might be

  • Slang / Expressions: “In the cut” here means that he is in a place, probably a really nice place. It’s one of those non-specific slangs that could be a number of other things too. To “lay low” or “lie low” means to take it easy, relax, not do much work, enjoy one’s time.
  • Life references / Dual meanings: Medusa could be referring to the logo on Versace brand clothing, or a popular restaurant in Atlanta.

Yeah, roll up, help me calm down when I’m movin’ high speed

  • Slang: “Roll up” here refers to rolling up a joint (of cannabis). It could also refer to rolling his window up to feel stronger effects from the weed since we assume he is in a car.

Yeah, if I send one, need to text back ’cause you know what I need (Straight up)

  • Grammar: *”You need to text back because you know what I need …”
  • Deeper meaning: We can only imagine what he might need from this person he’s texting.

Oh, please, oh, me, oh, my

  • Expressions: “Oh me, oh my” is an old-fashioned expression that sounds like a kids song. “Oh my” is a way to show shock or surprise. It’s short for “Oh my God / goodness / word.” Also, saying “Oh, please!” like this can be like telling someone to stop because they are lying or saying something outrageous. “You wrestled a lion? Oh, please!” Of course, it can also be like saying “Please, stop.”

We been movin’, we been movin’ for some time (Alright)

  • Grammar: *”We have / we’ve been moving …”
  • Expressions: “Moving” here refers to making moves, or doing things to make money and have success.

Flexin’, flexin’, try to exercise

a guy flexing with his shirt off in the gym and curling weights, relating to a line a flexing in a travis scott song
Flexing those muscles, brah – Alora Griffiths
  • Slang: “Flex” in this context means to show off, present what you have to everyone else, usually in a way that is misleading. Of course, it relates to flexing a muscle, showing your strength, proving that you have been exercising a lot.

Exercise, exercise, exercise

Then it repeats.

‘Django Unchained’ & American Society- What’s it say about us?

movie poster cover for Django Unchained

Django Unchained was a 2012 American movie by Quentin Tarantino that shook up so many of its viewers. With references to Spaghetti Westerns, Southern epics, and slavery pieces to name a few, this movie also had a lot to say about American society overall. Down below are a few of the points about our society, past and present, that were referenced in Django Unchained.

That’s Racist

The most obvious thing that Django Unchained tells us about America is slavery and racism. We all know about the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and the nation’s history of African enslavement. In the movie, we see how pseudo-religious and pseudo-scientific concepts were used in those days to justify slavery.

You remember the whole scene where Mr. Candie (DiCaprio’s character) uses one of his former slave’s skulls to demonstrate how black people are anatomically inferior to whites. Or that scene where the slaver uses the Bible to justify his whipping and punishing of the “sub-human” slaves.

The cold part is that this stuff really happened, and a lot. It seems like every five words in Django is the “n-word,” and this is more for a shock effect than anything. I mean, I’m sure white people in those days called black people nigger a lot, but not like every five seconds. Still, the use of this word and other racial slurs in the movie shows us how language has been used throughout our country’s history to uplift certain groups and diminish others. And that goes both ways.

Read more: Are there many interracial couples in America?

Okay, so we saw whips and chains, physical representations of bondage and dominance — not to get freaky. Oh, and we saw a glimpse of a pre-Ku Klux Klan group in one of the funniest scenes of the entire movie. The KKK really formed after abolition as a kind of retaliation against blacks gaining equality. Django (Jamie Foxx) and Dr. Schultz (Cristoph Waltz) later in the movie start to be treated with a bit of respect when they are presumed to have money and status. This shows how even racism can be curbed when there are benefits involved.

Frontier Living

Django Unchained at its heart is a Western, so the usual gun-slinging and street shootouts had to be a part of it. The characters throughout most of the movie are riding horses and carriages across open landscapes, mountains, and everything we associate with the Old West. We even see the classic cowboy stand-offs in the small frontier town, people running to get the sheriff, and a saloon fight.

The Antebellum South is also represented when they get to Mississippi. There we see big plantations and plantation homes being worked by slaves. Besides that, we get a look at some slave quarters, those common oak and poplar trees of the South, and big fields of cotton to be picked. And of course, all around is the sense of white dominance and complacency for being in control of that crazy world they’d created.

Read more: Isn’t America all cold and snowy?

The Outlaw is B(l)ack!

Another thing this movie does is show audiences how black outlaws and bounty hunters did exist in the Old Western days. I feel like this movie opened up in many ways for people to learn about such figures as black cowboys and bounty hunters, a subject that was not really touched on before in movies or TV (at least to this extent).

Django shows in part the presence of these lesser-known historic black figures of that time, informing that they were also a part of the development of the country. There’s also something many people forget, that some slaves were able to buy their freedom and lead interesting lives outside of the establishment.

Read more: Aren’t there a lot of black people in America, like on TV?

Reparations … or Revenge?

Since the times of slavery in America, there has been a sense of black people recovering some kind of dignity, strength, even ranging into dominance. It’s important to remember that not all people in any group will want the same things, which is normal. Still, when Django goes and kills all of the slavers that did him wrong, there’s this sense of “justice served cold” that reverberates off of every gunshot and explosion.

There’s a constant debate in the USA of whether there should be reparations or compensation given to black Americans for the terrible deeds taken against their ancestors. There is this underlying feeling of getting revenge on these racist actions, which is completely exploited in this movie. Let me also remind you that the German’s full name is Dr. “King” Schultz, likely a nod to Dr. Martin Luther King as a kind of liberator and symbol for good.

Through all the killing that Django does, we also get an idea of the violent nature of rebellions in general, especially as it deals with the black-led ones. There was many a violent uprising in America’s past, and this movie plays a bit on such true historic bloodbaths.

And the White Director

So Quentin Tarantino doesn’t look very black, as far as most of us can tell. The fact that a white guy had directed a movie like this did conjure up some backlash for the film. Django Unchained touches on some pretty sensitive subject matter, particularly concerning black Americans. So one might imagine how some people felt uncomfortable with it.

Tarantino movies aren’t for everyone and lots of people are already uneased by the cartoonish violence in them. Put that together with about a thousand “n-bombs” and you’ve got a sure recipe for retaliation. Even though many people thought he had no business making a movie about slavery, there were still those that enjoyed Django Unchained regardless of its crazy subject matter. Q. T. does actually have a cameo in the movie and gets blown up, which shows that even the director wasn’t safe from Django’s vengeful rage.

Boy, I Swear

Another common feature in Tarantino’s movies is the liberal and consistent tendency of his characters to swear. This is just his style, and it comes more so from this culture surrounding Hollywood or Southern California — where almost everyone I know curses. Some are offended by this constant use of bad words, and others could care less.

One thing that’s funny about this, though, is that people back in those times (early-mid 1800s) definitely did not curse as much as in the movie. Sure, there was cursing, but people back in those days were generally pretty conservative and religious by today’s standards. I had this same thought watching The Hateful Eight which had a similar amount of cussing in a time period that people probably didn’t have such dirty mouths.

Read more: The Wolf of Wall Street

This feature of the movie was likely used to connect modern audiences to this past period in time, similar to how the score contained some rap songs. It also reminds audiences that this story is fictional and for entertainment purposes, so don’t be taking it all so seriously.

America, the Beautiful Mixed Baby

In Django Unchained are black people (obviously), Germans, Australians, other Americans, and Mr. Candie who loves French — even though he can’t speak or understand it. Some aspects of the culture, especially on the German side, are explored a bit deeper. With all of this, we get reminded of America’s very mixed heritage.

Germans at a certain point in the U.S. interior were very prevalent and made up a large part of the immigration there. All these different people of varying backgrounds remind us of this uncommon origin we share that turned the U.S. into a land of immigrants. It also reminds us that a large part of the country, like the West, was built by outlaws, runaways, and people seeking the thrill of adventure until turning it into what it is today.

Read more: Aren’t Americans white?

**What did you think of this movie? Are you fond of Tarantino or do you avoid his movies at all costs? If you can, share what else Django Unchained showed us about American or world society. Also, feel free to check out similar posts on At the Movies. Message me at tietewaller@gmail.com for direct contact or to collaborate on something! Thank you for reading and peace to you.

“Day ‘N’ Nite (Nightmare)” by Kid Cudi – Lyrics for English Students

Flag of the United States, home country of rapper Kid Cudi
artist from.

Do you want to know the lyrics to “Day ‘N’ Nite” by Kid Cudi? Great, you’re in the right place! The song was featured on his 2008 album, Man on the Moon: The End of Day, but was also released on a previous mixtape and single. This page is geared toward explaining to English learners some of the expressions, idioms, slang, and cultural points in the song that most native English speakers probably know already.

I suggest reading the song lyrics and explanations first. Then listen to the song with the lyrics to check for comprehension. If you know most of these explanations, then cool. Your language skills are on point! Ready?

Also Listen: Day ‘N’ Nite Remix (Crookers)

Read: for the lyrics without my explanations, Genius

Read more: Lyrics “Explained”


Lyrics & Explanations

Day and night

  • Informal Writing: Just a note about the spelling; in the song’s title, “N” is the same as “and” but a popular way to spell it in informal titles or writing. “Nite” is the same as “night” but also an informal alternative spelling. This happens a lot when texting for words that don’t spell like they sound. Ex: Tho (Though), Rite (Right), U (You), 4 (For)

I toss and turn, I keep stressing my mind, mind

  • Expressions: “Tossing and turning” is another way to say that you can’t sleep. It’s a very common expression.

I look for peace, but see, I don’t attain

What I need for keeps, this silly game we play, play

  • Expressions: “For keeps” means something you want to keep or hold on to. It usually means you will win the object you want after playing some game. “Let’s race. Whoever wins gets a new car.” “Are we playing for keeps?”

Now look at this

Madness the magnet keeps attracting me, me

I try to run, but see, I’m not that fast

I think I’m first but surely finish last, last

  • Culture/Literature: This line is reminiscent of a popular fable, “The Tortoise and the Hare.” The two animals race and the hare becomes cocky thinking he will easily beat the tortoise, but the tortoise ends up winning after slowly but steadily staying on track. Maybe Cudi assumes he’s going to win like the hare did, but he gets beat in the end.

‘Cause day and night

  • Informal Speech: *Because day and night …

The lonely stoner seems to free his mind at night

  • Slang: A “stoner” is someone who gets high on drugs, especially cannabis. Similarly, getting “stoned” means getting high on cannabis.

Read more: Stoner

He’s all alone through the day and night

The lonely loner seems to free his mind at night, at, at, at night

  • Other Vocabulary: You might have picked this one up, but a “loner” is someone who spends most of their time alone. They don’t interact much with other people.

Day and night

The lonely stoner seems to free his mind at night

He’s all alone, some things will never change

The lonely loner seems to free his mind at night, at, at, at night

Hold the phone

  • Expressions/Dual Meaning: This one’s pretty obvious, but it can also mean to “wait” in general. This is similar to other expressions like “Hold on,” “Hold up,” and “Hold it.” These all mean to wait. Even though “hold the phone” sounds pretty specific, there are other phrases like this that mean to wait. Ex: “Hold the front door,” and “Hold your horses.” These are a little more silly and informal, though.

The lonely stoner, Mr. Solo Dolo

  • Popular Vocabulary: “Solo” means solitary or alone. I think we got it from Spanish but it’s pretty common to say that you are “solo” or doing something “solo.”
  • Informal/Unusual Expressions: “Dolo” I think is the same as solo. I haven’t heard this expression much, but I guess “solo-dolo” means being alone but feeling relaxed or okay about it.
  • Figurative Speech: Saying “Mr.” before some kind of quality means that the person is full of that quality, as if they were the owner of it. “Okay, Mr. Bossy, you don’t have to order people around all the time.”

He’s on the move, can’t seem to shake the shade

  • Idiom: Being “on the move” is to be active in making plans or moving from place to place.
  • Slang: To “shake” in this sense means to avoid or escape something, like to shake off. “The cops are behind us. I can’t shake them.” Shade here has the sense of something ominous or sad. In slang, “shade” can also be general disrespect or dislike that comes from people who don’t like you. A similar concept is “hating on” someone.

Within his dreams he sees the life he made, made

  • Slang/Possible Dual Meaning: The repeating of “made” here reminds me of another expression. Saying that someone is “made” or they “have it made” is like saying they have everything they dreamed of, they have all the success they could want. They’re living the good life. They “have it made.”

The pain is deep

A silent sleeper, you won’t hear a peep, peep

  • Other Vocabulary: “Peep” is any very small sound. It’s usually said in phrases like “won’t hear a peep” or “don’t make a peep.”

The girl he wants don’t seem to want him too

  • Grammar/Informal Speech: *The girl he wants doesn’t seem to want him either … The way he says it sounds better in this case, though.

It seems the feelings that she had are through, through

  • Common Speech: When something is “through,” it means it is done or over. It has ended.

‘Cause day and night

The lonely stoner seems to free his mind at night

He’s all alone through the day and night

The lonely loner seems to free his mind at night, at, at, at night

Day and night

The lonely stoner seems to free his mind at night

He’s all alone, some things will never change

The lonely loner seems to free his mind at night, at, at, at night

Slow mo’

  • Slang/Casual Expression: “Slow mo” means slow motion. Here, he says it probably to mean slow down or wait.

When the tempo slows up and creates that new, new

  • Foreign/Musical Term: When used in English, “tempo” specifically has to do with the speed of a rhythm, like in music. It has almost become synonymous with speed. I believe it comes from Italian.
  • Slang/Informal Expression: To “slow up” is the same as to slow down or go slower, interestingly enough. It is just another cool way to express this idea. “New new” is a fun concept. It basically means something that is new or hasn’t been experienced before, like an emerging trend. It’s like saying “new thing” but the focus is on the impact of that new thing as opposed to the new thing itself. “You still wear the old brands, but I’ve got that new new. You want to see some?”

Read more: New new

He seems alive though he is feeling blue

  • Slang/Idiom: We probably all know this one, but feeling “blue” is feeling sad.

The sun is shining, man he’s super cool, cool

  • Expressions: “Man” here is just an exclamation, it doesn’t mean anything really.
  • Informal Speech: The way he pronounces “cool” is a very common way to say it in some accents. It also rhymes a lot better with blue.

The lonely nights

They fade away, he slips into his white Nikes

  • Casual Expression: To “slip into” something means to wear it or put it on. “I’m going to slip into a nice dress.”
  • Informal/Alternative Speech: The way he pronounces Nikes (referring to shoes) is an informal way that only certain communities say, though it can also just be an alternative or sarcastic way of pronouncing it. It also rhymes better with nights.

He smokes a clip and then he’s on the way

  • Slang: Smoking a “clip” is smoking the leftovers of a blunt of cannabis.
  • Idiom/Expressions: To be “on the way” means to be arriving somewhere or going somewhere specific.

To free his mind in search of, to free his mind in search of

To free his mind in search of

Day and night

The lonely stoner seems to free his mind at night

He’s all alone through the day and night

The lonely loner seems to free his mind at night, at, at, at night

Day and night

The lonely stoner seems to free his mind at night

He’s all alone, some things will never change

The lonely loner seems to free his mind at night

At, at, at night, night

At, at, at night, night

Na-na-na-na-na-na, Kid Cudi

Cleveland status, grind all day

  • Casual Expressions: Adding “status” after something like a quality or a place means that person is acting like that quality or representing that place. “He’s on Brooklyn status with his Nets jersey and his old Brooklyn Dodger hat.”
  • Slang: To “grind” in this case means to work hard and put in an effort. A similar concept is to be “on your grind.”

Read more: Grind

Then it repeats …

**I hope you enjoyed reading the lyrics to “Day ‘N’ Nite.” Did you understand these pretty well? What part of the lyrics do you still have trouble with? Tell us what your favorite lines are, or what other songs you like by Kid Cudi. You can contact me personally at tietewaller@gmail.com or to collaborate. Read more posts like this one at Lyrics “Explained.” Thank you for coming! Peace.

“Depth trap dive”- figurative meanings and uses of ‘Deep’

the bright entrance of a large dark cave, representing the literal meaning of deep
Ian Chen

The guys didn’t know it, but they were looking down a deep hole. Well, a cave or sinkhole would be the technical terms. Charles was sweating in the heat of the beating sun. His helmet smudged the dirt on his forehead. He looked over to his friend, Jonah, to see how he was getting along.

–So, how do you feel about going down? You’re not having second thoughts, are you? Charles asked.

Jonah responded, –What? Second thoughts! I’m not scared. Besides, we paid all that money to go down into this deep hole.

–Oh, I’m not scared. I was just making sure you weren’t gonna run at the last minute. Life is too short to miss out on self-enriching opportunities like … deep cave diving.

Jonah laughed a bit.

–Wow, I didn’t know you were so deep, my friend.


“Deep” normally has the meaning of something with a large depth, like deep water or a deep hole, in this case. As a figurative expression deep has a similar meaning of depth or something being profound. The difference is that it has to do with a topic or idea that is very thoughtful, meaningful, or sincere. Sometimes people can say this in a sarcastic way, but the idea is still the same.

Read more: some literal and figurative meanings of Deep

Besides, we paid all that money to go down into this deep hole.

  • To go down into a hole with a lot of physical depth, deep into the earth.

–Wow, I didn’t know you were so deep, my friend.

  • I didn’t know you were so thoughtful, that you had such profound and meaningful ideas.


Storytime …

Charles told him, –Yeah, I’m always coming up with cool ideas. I’m starting to really consider leaving my job at the college and just working full-time at the theater. It’s the pandemic anyway, so forget it.

At that moment, the caving instructor, Amy, found the two friends chatting.

–Okay, that’s all the equipment, fellas. Ready to go spelunking? Amy asked.

Jonah and Charles gazed at each other with a dumbfound look. A lightbulb then clicked over Jonah’s head.

–Ohhh! You mean cave diving. I had to think for a second.

Amy laughed and took the lead moving downward into the deep dark cavern. Jonah followed soon before Charles and talked with him on the way down.

–So you said you’re going to do stage design full time. How’s that going?

Charles told him, –I don’t know. I’d like to just walk away and commit to the theater, but I’m afraid I might be in too deep with the financial department.


In Deep – Deep Into

Taking in the same meaning of “deep,” being deep into something gives the sense that one is deeply committed to a situation or person. This could be a positive thing, like being in a serious relationship. However, it can also give off the sense that someone is into something they can’t escape from. This can show that the person is in some kind of trouble they can’t get out of. The same idea comes from the expression in deep, though this one is usually for romantic situations.

… but I’m afraid I might be in too deep with the financial department.

  • I might have too big of a commitment, too much to risk, I might be stuck at my current job. Also could say, “I might be too deep in with my job.”


Storytime …

Jonah tried to sympathize with his friend’s predicament.

–That is a touch choice. I mean, do you choose the job you want and love, or do you stick around at that boring financial department? Sounds like you’re in the deep end.


Deep end

Being in the deep end has a very similar meaning to “in deep.” The idea is still of being under pressure, underwater, or on your toes. It’s a difficult situation to get out of, a hard place to leave from. In other words, “You’re stuck.”

Sounds like you’re in the deep end.

  • It sounds like you’re in a difficult place, have a really tough decision, have nowhere to run to.


Storytime …

–Are you all okay? asked Amy. She looked up from the dark with a bright smile on her face.

The two men gave her one thumbs-up each. Before they knew it they had reached the cave floor. Charles opened his mouth to say another deep thought when he was interrupted by a swarm of bats. They screeched and squealed over the three humans, trying to find a place to hide.

Jonah screamed out, –Oh, crap! These are the bats that had the Corona. Fight! Run!

Jonah and Charles started swatting at the little creatures while Amy sat patiently. Jonah didn’t like that.

–What the heck are you doing, Amy? You need to come and help us kill these Covid-19 bats. They just flew in about 50-deep and there’s only three of us here. We need to band together.



So, this use of deep is a little less common than the others. Saying this refers to an amount of people, normally said with a number and then the object. It is supposed to refer to people anyway, but as you can see, Jonah uses it in a joking way to refer to bats. It’s also mostly used to say that “X” amount of people/creatures arrived at a place. Using “deep” in this way is probably more regional and I’m not sure if it’s common outside of my region or country. Still, you may hear it at some point.

They just flew in about 50-deep and there’s only three of us here

  • They flew in with fifty individuals, fifty of them arrived together.

The Ending …

Charles had the same thought as Jonah.

–Yeah, Amy. Why aren’t you doing anything?

Their instructor only turned her head. As the cloud of bats began to clear, she pointed a light at the back of the cave and splayed her luminous smile.

–Look over there!

The two friends immediately turned their heads and found what they had been “spelunking” all this time for. There were several huge columns of stalagmites and crystals shining from the top to the rocky bottom. The friends were utterly shocked, and Charles felt moved to say something.

–Mother Earth must love us humans to offer us such a beautiful sight.

Amy smiled and looked over at Jonah.

–Wow, you’re friend is so deep!

**Read more Adventures of Charles and learn other English expressions and slang. Contact me for a personal message or to collaborate at tietewaller@gmail.com. Follow to get emailed every time a new article is posted. Thanks for reading and take care of yourselves! Peace.

What makes New Brunswick unique? 12 Cool Reasons ūüá®ūüá¶

Hopewell Rocks at high tide on the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick
Hopewell Rocks

Off to the Maritimes! New Brunswick is known for its majestic floral scenery and one of the lowest costs of living in Canada. Besides cheaper housing and one of the oldest universities in North America at UNB, there’s a lot on the inside that makes this province a special place. So let’s learn about the newest Brunswick here with some quick geography and a look at its special features.

NEW BRUNSWICK: Quick Geography

Canadian Provinces and Territories, New Brunswick highlighted in red

Also called NouveauBrunswick (Nu-voh-Brhunz-wick) in French, this place is a lot smaller than the “Central Canada” provinces we’ve seen in previous posts. It is both a part of the Atlantic region and the Maritimes region of Canada, mostly encompassing what was the historic French Acadia. The first settled part of New France, New Brunswick is actually the center of historic Acadia.

Read more: Canada on the Map, more Canadian provinces

It borders the U.S. to the west and has Atlantic coastline in almost every other direction. Most of the province lies in the Northern Appalachian mountain system which is home to large forested areas. Most of these fall under a humid continental type climate with more subarctic features in the highlands.

The capital towards the center is Fredericton, while Moncton in the east is the biggest city. The province after all is named to honor King George III of England. That’s because he was the ruler of a German duchy called Brunswick back when New Brunswick became a province.

So what makes New Brunswick unique? Here are 12 (-ish) cool reasons!

1. Because of the Hopewell Rocks & Fundy National Park

Possibly the most iconic sites on the Bay of Fundy, the towering Hopewell Rocks are truly a postcard image of NB. The Bay itself is a section of the Atlantic that creates these huge fluctuations in tide level. This makes it so that the rocks, many of them with miniature forests on them, can be sailed by at one time and walked under on the same day.

Because of all the arches and crazy-shaped rocks, these are probably the coolest things about the province. Still, they form a part of the larger Fundy National Park, which adds beautiful Atlantic forests and waterfalls to the equation. Some really pretty ones are Dickson Falls, Laverty Falls, and Third Vault Falls.

2. Because of the Bay of Fundy

rocks and rugged forest coastline at the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick
Bay of Fundy – by Tobias Negele

Outside of those localized attractions, the entire Bay of Fundy is a great place to explore, especially along the Fundy Trail Parkway. This road/trail leads to a series of scenic coastal views that pass pretty landmarks like Cape Enrage.

The Big Salmon River has a cool extension bridge aside from being a wonderful nature spot. There’s also Saint Martins, home to a quiet town, forested beaches, and some impressive sea caves to take awe in.

3. Because of Campobello & Grand Manan

Bordering the U.S. state of Maine is another bay called Passamaquoddy which is home to a number of islands. The most intriguing is probably Campobello Island which was U.S. President Roosevelt’s seasonal home. Encompassing the area is Roosevelt-Campobello International Park (that’s right, inter-national) which harbors a series of homes and gardens on the island.

Nearby is Herring Cove laid aside for enjoying the peaceful green seaside by trail. Not far from Campobello is Grand Manan Island, a classic Maritimes island with rocky shores, lighthouses, and little historic villages. The landscapes are dramatic and a wonder to take in, having some arched rocks of its own.

4. Because of Fredericton

Fredericton is probably one of the lesser-known capitals in Canada, but it plays a role in making NB special. Home to important museums and historic zones, Fredericton is a great place to witness the traditional Changing of the Guard ceremony.

The city is also home to a popular Harvest Jazz & Blues Festival. Fredericton isn’t very big, and so there’s plenty of green space to connect with nature like in the arborous Odell Park.

5. Because of Moncton

Switching quickly to New Brunswick’s most populous city, Moncton is another example of nature mixed well with urban life. Besides historic architecture and the street art scene, natural anomalies like the Tidal Bore carry water upriver for a chance to surf the wave.

Magnetic Hill also offers up some mystery as cars can be witnessed rolling uphill when the time is right. A little less creepy is the Magnetic Hill Zoo which is a nice spot to interact with animals that otherwise have no business at such a high latitude.

6. Because of Historic Saint John

St. John is one of the more popular cities in New Brunswick, and it’s easy to see why. There are important cultural centers like the New Brunswick Museum. Prince William Street is a living outdoor museum showcasing the city’s classic fa√ßade.

Other historic points of reference are old strongholds like the Carleton-Martello Tower and Fort Howe, adding some Medieval ruggedness to this New World city. St. John also has a number of open areas like Market Square and the nearby City Market held inside the well-preserved market building still in use from long ago.

7. Because of Saint John’s nature

St. John is much larger than a city and counts with some of the province’s most iconic natural sites. This includes the Stonehammer Geopark, home to gorges, caverns, and coastal wonders like the whirlpools at the famous Reversing Falls.

Other pretty coastal areas are the marshes and cliffs at Irving Nature Park and the wide shores of Mispec Beach. Sprawling woodlands also hit close to the city with places like Rockwood Park and the Loch Alva Wilderness Area.

8. Because of its East Coast

The east coast of NB has some important natural spots like the vast wetlands at Kouchibouguac National Park. It is stocked with trails and boardwalks to explore these isolated wet habitats.

A cool town on these ends is Shediac, an old Acadian post now known for its tasty seafood — and for having the biggest lobster in the world (don’t worry, it’s not real). Also in the Shediac is Parlee Beach, a nice-looking chill zone for sun-searchers during those warm months.

9. Because of its Wilderness & Countryside

Settlement in New Brunswick is largely rural, really uncommon for an urban nation like Canada. This makes for a nice country setting and allows for landmarks like the Hartland Bridge, the longest covered bridge in the world. A pretty sight, there’s also little Nackawic which is home to the world’s largest axe. Is it me, or does New Brunswick have a high proportion of “biggest things in the world”?

Taking it even rural-er, Kings Landing is a sort of historic village dedicated to preserving and teaching about how life was way back in colonial times. It’s very cool that they preserved this, actually. There are also scenic wilderness areas like the Jacquet River Gorge and Mount Carleton Provincial Park, home to the biggest mountain in the province. I’ll let you guess what it’s called.

Read more: Plan a visit to Kings Landing!

10. Because of Saint Andrews

When America decided to break free of Britain, some of those settlers clearly wanted to stay loyal to the Crown. Many of the Loyalists went off into New Brunswick, and one of the main towns they established was at St. Andrews. Also in Passamaquoddy Bay, this town is ideal for whale watching trips, as well as a number of really pretty historic structures like The Algonquin resort.

Read more: about St. Andrews & whale watching

The Kingsbrae Garden mixes several of these structures in a series of enchantingly designed gardens with windmills, green groves, and flowers of all shades. Close to town is Ministers Island, a nice little getaway with some languish old manors and long stony banks to wet your feet in.

11. Because of the Acadian Peninsula

This area is one of the true heartlands of New Brunswick and the Maritimes in general. Caraquet is a small coastal town and a good introduction to the wider region. Going in, you have the Village Historique Acadien, another impressive token of preservation for the region’s Acadian settlers.

After exploring the old French village, go out to Miscou Island. It has the wonderful lighthouse and sandy shores that one should expect. Meanwhile, in fall, the ground foliage paints swathes of the island in fiery reds and oranges, covering this place in scenic wonder.

12. Because of the Culture

For being one of Canada’s smaller provinces, NB sure is filled with a lot of special places. The population is a lot more rural than in most of Canada, and this gives a more downhome sense to even the urbanites.

New Brunswick is the only province where both English and French are fully official, and this rubs off on its identity. It was the center of Acadian settlement and still preserves aspects of French and First Nations traditions. Some of the best-preserved historic sites and ceremonies in all of Canada are located here, and the beauty of this preservation attracts newcomers from all over the globe.

Even though it has faced hard economic times compared to much of the country, it aces in staying true to what makes it special. America’s New Englanders even reached in and had an impact given the area’s openness to helping them during war time. With its truly unique and nearly inexplicable natural beauty, New Brunswick is the perfect mixture of present, past, and environmental bliss couped up in a single place.

**Tell us what you think about New Brunswick! What could you add to (or take off of) this list? I know there’s a lot more that makes this place unique. Do you want to write your own article telling us about New Brunswick, or would you like to collaborate with me? Send me a personal message at tietewaller@gmail.com, or write me on my contact page. Thanks for reading! Peace.

O que torna a Isl√Ęndia √ļnica? Parte 1 – Regi√£o da Capital, Pen√≠nsula Sul


Se voc√™ for como eu, voc√™ sabe que adora viajar, descobrir novas culturas e aprender sobre a beleza deste maravilhoso planeta em que vivemos. Hoje eu quero apresentar (ou reintroduzir?) a voc√™ um pequeno e not√°vel pa√≠s n√≥rdico chamado Isl√Ęndia. E √© muito apropriado come√ßarmos com um olhar sobre a singularidade desses dois lugares: a Regi√£o da Capital e a Pen√≠nsula Sul (ou Meridional). Voc√™ poder√° encontrar mais postagens como esta sobre muitas partes do mundo em¬†Earth‚Äôs Face.

Quero ser sincero com todos voc√™s: n√£o estive nesses dois lugares ou na maioria daqueles sobre os quais vou escrever nesta s√©rie. N√£o √© uma lista de recomenda√ß√Ķes para suas viagens, j√° que n√£o posso recomendar um lugar onde n√£o estive. Isso √© parte de um projeto pessoal meu, no qual pesquiso as divis√Ķes de estado do mundo por puro prazer, olhando mapas, assistindo v√≠deos e lendo artigos.

Quero compartilhar o que aprendi com voc√™ e encorajo voc√™ a descobrir mais por si mesmo. Esta n√£o √© uma lista de viagens. Estou apenas compartilhando o que para mim parece tornar esses lugares √ļnicos no mundo, para encorajar voc√™ (e eu) a visit√°-los, ou pelo menos apreci√°-los.

O que torna esses dois lugares tão especiais, afinal? Me deixe apresentar meu caso …

H√∂fu√įborgarsv√¶√įi√į ou a Regi√£o da Capital destacada em vermelho em um mapa da Isl√Ęndia
Regi√£o da Capital ¬†‚Äď por Karte: NordNordWest



Ent√£o, se voc√™ n√£o √© island√™s e sabe alguma coisa sobre a Isl√Ęndia, sabe que tem alguns top√īnimos dif√≠ceis de pronunciar. Olha s√≥, apenas tenta ler aquele subt√≠tulo. Ho-fud-bor-ga ‚Ķ e ent√£o desiste. Se eu pudesse transliter√°-lo para o portugu√™s, poderia ser “R√≥-fud-bur-guers-v√™-did”, mas isso n√£o √© muito mais f√°cil. Em termos mais simples, esta √© a Regi√£o da Capital, e tem muito que a torna √ļnica.

Edif√≠cio da igreja Hallgr√≠mskirkja na regi√£o da capital, Reykjavik, discutindo o que torna a Isl√Ęndia √ļnica
a famosa Hallgr√≠mskirkja¬†‚Äď por Yves Alarie

S√≥ para se atualizar um pouco sobre a geografia b√°sica, (provavelmente pode perceber pelo nome) aqui √© onde a capital nacional, Reykjav√≠k, est√° localizada, que tamb√©m √© a capital da regi√£o. No sudoeste da Isl√Ęndia, possui um litoral com colinas e montanhas no interior. √Č uma esp√©cie de zona mista de clima montanhoso Alpine e Tundra, embora essas qualidades serem presentes da mesma forma para quase toda a Isl√Ęndia. Ok ent√£o, o que faz ele se destacar?

Qualidades e locais

Uma coisa logo de cara √© que essa regi√£o abriga a maior e mais populosa cidade da Isl√Ęndia. A maioria dos islandeses mora na capital ou nos arredores, o que √© de grande import√Ęncia. Isso porque a maior parte dos principais aspectos culturais, econ√īmicos e tur√≠sticos vem especificamente desta regi√£o. N√£o h√° melhor lugar para obter uma introdu√ß√£o a este pa√≠s incr√≠vel e seu povo do que come√ßar na Regi√£o da Capital.

Um edif√≠cio com arquitetura interessante em Reykjavik, discutindo o que torna a Isl√Ęndia √ļnica
Arquitetura legal¬†‚Äď por Michael Held
uma rua em Reykjavik pintada com as cores do arco-√≠ris na cal√ßada e com pequenas lojas e apartamentos, discutindo o que torna a Isl√Ęndia √ļnica
rua no Reykjav√≠k¬†‚Äď por Square Lab

Há tanta arte aqui. Além das obras urbanas, ali também possui uma quantidade surpreendente de museus. Isso inclui até o Phallological Museum (Museu Falológico), um museu excêntrico (ou safado) cheio de imagens fálicas. Quem diria?

Tamb√©m h√° montes de arquitetura √ļnica, como a cultural Nordic House (Casa N√≥rdica), o¬†Perlan, e uma escultura / est√°tua bacana do Navio Voyager na costa. E tenho certeza que voc√™ j√° viu fotos do todo-poderoso Hallgr√≠mskirkja, a ic√īnica igreja. Eu tive que procurar como se escreve.

A Regi√£o da Capital tamb√©m √© um ponto de partida principal para muitas excurs√Ķes ao ar livre na √°rea. Al√©m da famosa observa√ß√£o de baleias, h√° uma vasta paisagem arrebatadora de montanhas, campos de lava, vulc√Ķes e lindas forma√ß√Ķes rochosas fora das cidades. Esse contraste torna a regi√£o realmente √ļnica dentro da pr√≥pria Isl√Ęndia.

Alguns lugares naturais muito interessantes para conferir seriam Hei√įm√∂rk (Raid-murk), Reykjanesf√≥lkvangur (Hei-quianes-folk-vam-gur) e Kr√Ĺsuv√≠k (Crui-su-vik), para citar alguns. Este √ļltimo est√°, na verdade, em outra parte da regi√£o, que est√° dividida em duas se√ß√Ķes separadas, tamb√©m √ļnico na Isl√Ęndia. Isso vai at√© a costa sul, onde existem umas fal√©sias longas e pontiagudas mirando para o Atl√Ęntico Norte. Se posso dizer mais alguma coisa, a aurora boreal √© um cen√°rio deslumbrante atr√°s da cidade e das montanhas.

Penhascos de Kr√Ĺsuv√≠kurbjarg sobre o oceano na Regi√£o da Capital, discutindo o que torna a Isl√Ęndia √ļnica
penhascos em Kr√Ĺsuv√≠kurbjarg¬†‚Äď por Wojciech Strzelecki ‚ÄúWojtrix‚ÄĚ
Su√įurnes ou regi√£o da Pen√≠nsula Sul destacada em vermelho em um mapa
Su√įurnes¬†‚Äď por A Red Cherry



Isso √© facil. A Pen√≠nsula Sul est√° logo abaixo da Regi√£o da Capital, no canto sudoeste da Isl√Ęndia. Se encontra numa pen√≠nsula (surpresa!) e justo numa divis√£o continental entre as placas da Am√©rica do Norte e da Europa. Sua capital √© Keflav√≠k, parte de um munic√≠pio maior chamado Reykjanesb√¶r (Hei-quianes-ber). Eu sei, os nomes! Mas voc√™ est√° aqui, ent√£o adora.

uma paisagem deslumbrante com nuvens, campos rochosos nevados e plan√≠cies gramadas, discutindo o que torna a Isl√Ęndia √ļnica
paisagem aberta¬†‚Äď por Chris Liverani

Qualidades e Locais

Uma grande parte da Isl√Ęndia est√°, na verdade, numa zona geot√©rmica e vulc√Ęnica. Isso explica toda essa paisagem eruptiva e borbulhante. A Pen√≠nsula Sul n√£o √© diferente, e tem muitas qualidades geol√≥gicas impressionantes, como as famosas fontes termais da Lagoa Azul. Essas s√£o um conjunto curioso de piscinas azuis fumegantes √† frente de um fundo gelado e acidentado. Existe o Tr√∂lladyngja (Troul-la-dim-gui√°), um tipo de sistema vulc√Ęnico com cores e rochas chamativas. Al√©m disso, existem muitos sinais do passado Viking, como as ru√≠nas em Selatangar.

a Lagoa Azul na Península Sul, fumegando fontes termais azuis em um cenário nevado
Lagoa Azul¬†‚Äď por Jeff Sheldon

V√°rios artefatos s√£o bem preservados no Museu Viking, situado fora de Reykjanesb√¶r. Tem at√© um Museu de Rock ‚Äėn‚Äô Roll¬†island√™s l√° se quiser ver ele. Por √ļltimo, quero mencionar a cidade de Grindav√≠k. Este lugar √© uma cidade costeira deslumbrante com incr√≠veis locais naturais do lado dela. Por toda a Isl√Ęndia existem chal√©s e alojamentos √ļnicos que voc√™ n√£o encontrar√° fora do mundo n√≥rdico. O isolamento e a singularidade deles, misturados com os cen√°rios inspiradores, contribuem para o que torna essas regi√Ķes especiais.

Cultura (ou √öltimas Ideias)

Essas duas regi√Ķes s√£o a introdu√ß√£o perfeita √† Isl√Ęndia. Elas t√™m uma quantidade impressionante de cultura, arte e beleza natural. Por serem os principais locais de coloniza√ß√£o e turismo do pa√≠s, √© f√°cil encontrar passeios e coisas para ver. Este √© o lugar onde queira obter um gostinho da cultura e identidade pop (ou nem tanto) da Isl√Ęndia.

A maioria das pessoas famosas e influentes do pa√≠s vem dessas duas regi√Ķes, e a maioria dos imigrantes vem at√© elas. Isso tamb√©m contribui para uma experi√™ncia mais internacional e diversa. Esses tamb√©m foram locais importantes para os primeiros assentamentos n√≥rdicos e um acampamento base para os vikings que chegariam √† Am√©rica do Norte bem antes de Colombo. A rica mistura da cultura n√≥rdica hist√≥rica e atual √© parte do que torna a Regi√£o da Capital e a Pen√≠nsula Sul √ļnicas.

uma paisagem colorida de campos e forma√ß√Ķes rochosas e um c√©u azul nublado acima
paisagem colorida do √Ārtico¬†

** Quero agradecer pessoalmente pela leitura! Eu amo que voc√™ adora aprender e explorar. Por favor, compartilhe suas experi√™ncias nessas regi√Ķes da Isl√Ęndia ou se houver algo que voc√™ gostaria de acrescentar a esta breve lista. E uma √ļltima coisa: saia e explore o seu mundo! √Č um lugar bonito.

Os norte-americanos s√£o muito altos e gordos? – Altura e peso nos EUA

Existem muitos estere√≥tipos sobre o povo americano. Sendo um deles, aprendi a identificar alguns menos favor√°veis ‚Äč‚Äčno meu tempo. No entanto, o maior estere√≥tipo de todos que podemos indiscutivelmente identificar seria:


E nem precisei pesquisar esse. Basta perguntar a qualquer pessoa Рqualquer mesmo Рque não seja dos EUA e eles dirão como todos nós somos corpulentos. Puxa, esquece eles; nós mesmo lhe dizemos o quão gordos que somos, e em seguida, saimos dizendo uns aos outros o quão gordos cada um está.

Como diz o clich√™, h√° boas raz√Ķes para todos acreditarem nisso. Os americanos n√£o s√£o a popula√ß√£o mais gorda do mundo em porcentagem. V√°rias na√ß√Ķes no Pac√≠fico (e no Kuwait por algum motivo) t√™m proporcionalmente mais pessoas obesas, com a pequena Nauru chegando a 61%. Mas, para ser justo, Nauru √© o menor estado do mundo al√©m de M√īnaco e da Cidade do Vaticano, e tem apenas cerca de 12.000 habitantes. Compara isso com os EUA, que t√™m mais de 300 milh√Ķes, e voc√™ ter√° mais de um ter√ßo das pessoas obesas (118 milh√Ķes) e outros 105 milh√Ķes que est√£o acima do peso em geral. Isso √© quase dois ter√ßos da na√ß√£o com excesso de peso. Al√©m do mais, infelizmente, 1 em cada 6 crian√ßas americanas √© obesa.

Bom, essa foi verdade, ent√£o.

Porém, algumas tendências sobre isso, são:

  • a obesidade infantil est√° em decl√≠nio
  • quase metade da comunidade afro-americana est√° acima do peso
  • h√° mais obesidade como um todo no Sul do que em qualquer outra parte do pa√≠s
  • curiosidade, Colorado √© o estado com menos excesso de peso
  • fato n√£o-t√£o-divertido, a obesidade est√° aumentando no mundo todo

Praticamente o mundo ocidental inteiro (as Am√©ricas, a Europa) mais a Austr√°lia e a Oceania veem mais mortes por excesso de peso do que por falta de peso. Os EUA tamb√©m s√£o uma grande parte desse problema, j√° que fast-food e alimentos processados ‚Äč‚Äčse tornaram f√°ceis, populares e acess√≠veis para grande parte do resto do mundo. Bom, n√£o somos os √ļnicos participantes nisso, mas os EUA definitivamente desempenha um grande papel na presen√ßa duradoura desse excesso de peso.

Dito isso, é claro que nem todos os americanos são gordos. Estou bem abaixo do peso e há cerca de um terço dos americanos que não estão acima do peso. Isso tem que contar para alguma coisa.

Mas … seguindo com uma qualidade um pouco menos vergonhosa do que a obesidade: altura! Este √© interessante porque, aparentemente, os americanos costumavam ser as pessoas mais altas do mundo por um tempo. Estudos parecem mostrar uma correla√ß√£o entre a riqueza de um pa√≠s e a altura de seus cidad√£os.

Apesar de os EUA terem a maior renda em média agora, os americanos chegam a ter cerca de 175 cm de altura.

Tenho que enfrentar a real, se você está lendo isso, provavelmente não usa polegadas e pés para medir.

Eles ainda chegam aquém das alturas do Reino Unido, Canadá, Austrália, Alemanha e do mais alto de todos: os holandeses. Parece que Paul Bunyan se tornou expatriado na Holanda (ou no Canadá, onde ele pertence). No final das contas, os americanos ainda estão entre as pessoas mais altas do mundo, então não pensamos errados.

*Uma pequena observa√ß√£o sobre isso √© que asi√°ticos e ‚Äúhisp√Ęnicos‚ÄĚ tendem a ser mais baixos do que os brancos ou negros n√£o-hisp√Ęnicos.*

Em resumo, e sem cavar muito mais fundo, os norte-americanos s√£o muito gordos e altos. Eles s√£o uma das na√ß√Ķes mais altas do mundo, o lar das pessoas mais gordas sob uma bandeira estrelada. Mas n√£o me interpretem mal, h√° muitos americanos baixos e / ou magros para serem encontrados. Muitos deles s√£o meus parentes.

Saiba mais: Outros artigos Em português

Ficam √† vontade para verificar esses recursos, pessoal. Existem alguns artigos em ingl√™s realmente √ļteis para compreender a situa√ß√£o de peso e altura da Am√©rica com muitos fatos interessantes. Comente e me deixe saber o que voc√™ acha!

A situa√ß√£o de altura nos EUA 

Comparando as alturas médias dos distintos países

Fatos interessantes sobre peso / obesidade na América

Outros fatos r√°pidos sobre a obesidade nos EUA

Definindo sobrepeso e obesidade

Quem é Paul Bunyan?

Why is Northern Quebec special? – 8 Cool Reasons ūüá®ūüá¶

Aanischaaukamikw Šźč ŠĎ銟ĻŠĎźŠĎĖŠí° ŠźčŠďāŠĒÖŠíĎŠźÖŠĎ≤Ší•ŠíĄ Cree Cultural Institute in Northern Quebec
Aanischaaukamikw – from Cree Cultural Institute

Last time we looked at a smaller section of Quebec, the much-populated south. Here, we’ll focus on the much bigger yet much less-known north of the province. Crater lakes and Dorset ruins are just part of the wonder located out in these snowy lands. But what can be considered unique about such a massive area? To start, let’s review some quick geography. Then we’ll get into why Northern Quebec is so special.

Canadian Provinces and Territories, red highlight on Quebec province

Northern Québec: Quick Geography

In Canada’s biggest province, the northern section takes up the biggest part of the land. Northern Quebec starts generally around the Laurentian Mountains and the Gasp√© Peninsula in the south, then it’s just up from there. Mostly a part of the Canadian Shield, other major mountain ranges are in the middle and along the northeast border with Labrador, called the Torngat Mountains.

The climate is mostly subarctic with some humid continental in the far south. Down that way are some mixed and boreal forests, with the rest of the province being taiga and eventually tundra further north. The biggest city/urban area is Saguenay, not far from the Gulf of St. Lawrence. There’s also the Sea of Labrador, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait, and James Bay, all large extensions of the Atlantic Ocean.

The biggest body of water inland is the Caniapiscau Reservoir, though there is an infinity of lakes. A fun fact, many of the offshore islands from Quebec don’t pertain to the province but are actually part of the Nunavut territory. Many of the little islands not even a mile offshore belong to Nunavut. But one big island does belong to Quebec, and that would be Anticosti.

1. Because of the √éle d’Anticosti

Chute Vauréal waterfall on Anticosti Island, Quebec
Anticosti Island – By Thosetimes

Anticosti, also called Notiskuan in Innu or Natigostec in Mi’kmaq, is a big island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. It’s Canada’s 20th biggest island which is saying something because several of the world’s largest islands are here. It’s even bigger than one of Canada’s provinces! (the smallest one)

Other than its size, this island is sparsely populated and is filled with natural wilderness to explore. It’s in a continuation zone of the mainland mountains and is full of rugged terrain, dense boreal forests, hidden valleys, and blue shores. Canyons here hide spectacular waterfalls for travelers to witness. This place seems like going there would take you back in time to the days when people used to be really isolated. This air of mystique makes this place a quiet gem in eastern Canada.

2. Because of Forillon & the Gaspé Peninsula

high cliffs and forest at Forillon National Park, special area in Canada
Forillon National Park – By No machine-readable author provided

These two places go hand-in-hand when talking about Northern Quebec. Stretched out into the Atlantic, the Gasp√© Peninsula is home to some of the nation’s most beautiful scenery. Pastured and forested hills sing up and down the coastline. The coast, in fact, would be the highlight of this region.

It is lined with high cliffs and flowery bluffs, some hosting observation decks to take in all the wonder. The beaches I’m sure are rocky and the waters cold, but it’s still an amazing place to take in the views. The most iconic section of the peninsula is in Forillon National Park where some of the best cliffside views can be caught. There are also a number of offshore islands with high table-top cliffs that make for an awesome sight.

3. Because of the C√īte-Nord

monoliths at Mingan on the C√īte-Nord, north coast in Quebec, near Havre-Saint-Pierre
monoliths at Mingan – By Michel Villeneuve

Since we’re on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, I might as well bring up the C√īte-Nord (Coht-Noh), or the “North Coast.” This area consists of a long coastline reaching from the St. Lawrence River in the west all the way to Labrador in the east. The magic of this region comes from the little towns dotted all along the shores.

Historic towns share parts of colonial and indigenous life like Blanc Sablon and Port Cartier. In the latter town, there’s also the Parc de la Taiga, a natural park set aside to preserve the forested landscape. Sept-√éles (Seht-Il), or Uashat in Innu, is a town surrounded by historic sites, islands, and nature. In addition to nearby forests, it’s also host to the Tournoi Orange Alouette, a popular volleyball tournament and the biggest recreational event in the whole province!

Rivière-au-Tonnerre (He-vyehr-oh-Ton-nehr) is another town with important sites like Saint-Hippolyte Church, a beautiful white and red Catholic church near the shore. This town is also special for its nature which manifests in beautiful waterfalls and rivers that descend into the ocean, most notably on the Manitou River.

One more area I want to mention is Havre-Saint-Pierre. Besides being an important fishing and boating town, it is shielded by these curious-looking isles and rock formations. They remind me of the buttes found in the Badlands, only out in the water. Mingan is nearby and is home to more of these cool monoliths. The whole area of C√īte-Nord is an interesting mix of French, Acadian, Canadian, and First Nations all bundled up into one, and is a unique spot within the country.

4. Because of Saguenay

Chicoutimi area at night with city lights across the river, Saguenay, Quebec
Chicoutimi, Saguenay – by Andre Ouellet

Further downriver is Northern Quebec’s biggest city, Saguenay. It’s actually made up of a couple of cities that were conjoined to make a larger one. With that said, each of the boroughs has its own little vibe and history. The main central borough though is Chicoutimi which is home to lots of historic sites and cool architecture.

A lot of it sits majestically on hills or over the river like the Chicoutimi Pulp Mills. It’s an old mill still open for visiting and one example of the region’s industrial history. Saguenay is pretty far south as far as Northern Quebec is concerned, so the weather is just a little bit better than in other areas.

Saguenay Fjords in northern Quebec
Saguenay Fjord National Park – By Fralambert

A big lake is nearby, as well as the Saguenay Fjords. Sort of a continuation of the Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park, these fjords are lined with daunting cliffs shrouded in forests that tower miles of calm waters below. The area is really great for interacting with the industrial city as much as the serene nature all around.

Read more: Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park and Southern Quebec

5. Because of the Interior

green taiga landscape representing Trans Taiga Road in Quebec
Quebec taiga – by Landon Parenteau

One fascinating attraction in the interior of Quebec is its Trans-Taiga Road. That’s right, road trip time! This highway runs through the heart of the province and up into the distant taigas and tundra. The scenery on this road is ridiculous as drivers can witness a seemingly endless array of lakes and ponds scattered into bits of forest. A lot of the road follows the mighty Caniapiscau Reservoir.

Sometimes there are so many lakes that the road looks like a bridge going over them, and the best views seem to come when the sunlight hits the hills and waters at just the right angle. Northern Lights and starry nights just add to this magical road of the Canadian Subarctic.

You can’t really think of northern Canada without thinking of the First Nations, and Quebec’s interior has a number of Native sites and cultural centers to enjoy. One of these places is the Aanischaaukamikw (sorry, no pronunciation help on this one guys). In English, that’s the Cree Cultural Institute, dedicated to preserving and teaching about the regional Cree people.

Besides the cultural offerings, the building itself is just really beautiful and one of the best examples of modern Native American architecture there is. The center is also really close to Lake Mistassini, a big body of water that looks to be popular among fishers and nature lovers alike.

Read more: Cree Cultural Institute

6. Because of the Torngat Mountains

Kuururjuaq National Park in the Torngat Mountains, Canada
Kuururjuaq National Park – by Parks Canada

The Torngat Mountains are mostly in Labrador, so I’ll dive deeper into them when we reach that point. Still, a nice section of these Northern Cordillera steeples reaches into Quebec. For those who don’t know, the Torngats are some of the most beautiful and scenic mountains in the entire world, hands down. They aren’t that well-known and are isolated too, which means minimal tourists.

Most impressively on the Quebec side is Kuururjuag National Park, a sweeping area of valleys and imposing mountains that could drop a jaw ten times over. It’s also home to Mont D’Iberville, the tallest mountain in eastern Canada. The core vein flowing through this area is the George River. It snakes through the valleys and canyons, offering excellent fishing and wildlife. I think a salmon run happens up this way too, but the landscapes really drive this area home.

7. Because of Nunavik & the far north

Pingualuit crater in northern Quebec
Pingualuit crater – By NASA

Nunavik, spelled ŠďĄŠďáŠēēŠíÉ in Inuktitut, is as far north as you can get in Quebec. Along with wild tundra landscapes to contrast the forested south, parks like Pingualuit offer up adventure and cultural interaction with the local Inuit peoples. There’s also the Pingualuit crater, once formed from an outer space impact that’s now a circular lake.

The intriguing landscape is somewhat reminiscent of the moon, really, just with a lot more water. There’s also the Tursujuq National Park, a rugged area near the Hudson Bay coast. It is stocked with hills, plateaus, and rushing rivers that turn into waterfalls. It reminds me of some of the places in Iceland, actually.

Read more: What makes Iceland unique?

In the far north is Pamiok Island, home to the Imaha historic site. The site is a set of rocky ruins once thought to belong to Viking settlers. The site is now recognized as belonging to the local Dorset culture, an ancient Eskimo culture that once inhabited the area. Very cool!

8. Because of the Culture (+ last thoughts)

Northern Quebec is such a mystery to many. It’s Quebec, so we know about the French influences. It’s an area that was pushed forward by logging and industry, though that was only in a small section. Acadians historically occupied and sought refuge here, adding to the identity of the region. It is a place dominated by boating and marine life in some parts, forestry and mountaineering in another, and vast icy settings in others.

Historic cultures have risen, fallen, and sustained themselves in the more isolated parts of the country. Northern Quebec is mostly unexplored and untouched, and this adds to the beauty of its land, as well as the uniqueness of its people. With rumored Viking impact, First Nations, and especially Inuit influences, this area is the face of an ancient Canada colliding with modern beauty. Those who decide to make this place a home are strong and hardened for survival, yet friendly and welcoming to show outsiders just how awesome their distant part of the world is.

Read more: Earth’s Face

**Thank you all for reading and I hope you enjoyed this corner of the world. If you’re from here, represent! Do you have more to add (or take out) to this post? Please share with us what you like about Northern Quebec. And please do research, check the links, look at photos and videos, and go see these places for yourself! Stay safe and be well.

Contact me or collaborate! tietewaller@gmail.com

‘Get police bad excuse’ – meanings & uses of Cop, Cop-out

If you’ve listened to English for long enough, you’ve probably heard the word “cop” before. It can have a couple of different meanings, though. We’ll take a look at these differing definitions with some explanations and some dialogue using our old trusty friend, Charles. Let’s read along!

Cop (n)

wi.ng o

Like I said, Cop can have a number of meanings in English slang. The most common meaning is a “police officer.” This use is used a lot by people all over the world and is not seen as particularly informal or rude to say. Copper is a more old-fashioned or silly way to say this, but it means the same thing. Don’t confuse it with the metal, copper, though.


Jonah was rustling through his carry-on bag as the airplane gates closed. In his movements he disturbed Charles a bit, knocking him with his elbows. Other passengers were looking at him suspiciously.

Charles — What are you doing, man? You lose something? You keep hitting me with your arms, making everybody nervous.

Jonah — Oh, my fault. I’m just checking here. Gotta make sure I don’t have any weapons on me.

Charles — What are you talking about? Security already checked all that.

Jonah — Didn’t you hear the flight attendant? They said the cops are coming on the plane to search for some criminal.

  • The police are coming.

Charles — Well, it isn’t you. I hope …

Some police officers stepped onto the plane. Jonah started to panic.

Jonah — Oh, shoot! It’s the coppers. Put your head down!

  • It’s the police (in a silly or sarcastic tone).


To Cop (v)

“Cop” has a different meaning when used as a verb. To Cop can mean to get or obtain something, usually from buying it. In this way, it’s normally used as “cop something,” as in, some object or item.

Read more: Cop


Some of the nearby passengers gave Jonah a weird look. He was seriously being overly dramatic.

Charles — Calm down! Why in the world are you so scared for? You’re just going to call more attention to yourself.

Jonah — Nah, they’re probably gonna try to arrest me. I got all this cash on me. And look at my watch! It’s way too fancy to go with this face.

He pointed at himself in the face. This made Charles laugh.

Charles — You’re crazy. Where’d you get that watch from anyway? It’s nice.

Jonah — Oh, this old thing? I copped it from that rapper you went to see over on the east side.

  • I bought it, he gave it to me, I received it in some way.

Charles — Really? You know Lil B Dowry?


Cop out (v)

Another use is as a phrasal verb, combined to make it “cop out.” This is when someone doesn’t stay true to who they are. It is mostly used when someone becomes rich, famous, successful, or just has their reputation threatened. These situations can make a person do things that are not like them, act in a “bad” character, or with poor morals. In a similar way, to Cop out can also be when someone falls back on something they promised to do. This usually isn’t malicious or intentional, but it is a way for the person to escape responsibility or not admit to doing something. It often is when the person is afraid to face the consequences of their actions.


Jonah — Yeah, I know him. He’s a cool dude. He gave me this watch, afterall.

Charles — I thought he lived in a much nicer part of town. He’s a smart guy and he’s always dressed up nice.

Jonah — Well, I’m not surprised. Most of these rappers come from neighborhoods like that. Then they all cop out and forget who their friends are. Sad.

  • They all forget where they came from, stop caring about their friends, change their character.

At this moment, the police were finishing their search and were leaving the airplane. Jonah hadn’t noticed.

Charles — I’m sure he won’t do that. Lil B seems pretty down-to-earth. I can’t see him turning his back on people like that.

Jonah — I’m just saying, he wouldn’t be the first artist from the hood who says he’s gonna help out his block only to get rich and then cop out on everybody. Anyway, let me finish hiding my watch …

  • And then turn his back on everybody, then forget about everybody, then not do what he promised to do.

Charles — For what? The police left already. You’re a free man.

Jonah gave a big smile and jerked his knee, accidentally kicking the seat in front of him.


Cop-out (n)

Cop-out can also be a noun. In this case, it is describing a person who has “copped out,” or gone back on their promise, done things that don’t fit their character. A similar expression in English is a “sell-out.” A sell-out (person) can sell out (action) and do things that go against their morals just for fame, wealth, success, or other reasons. It’s essentially the same idea as “cop-out.” A Cop-out can also be the excuse itself used by a person to escape consequences.


Passenger — Excuse me! Can you stop kicking my chair?

Jonah — So sorry, sir. Won’t happen again.

Then he turned to Charles.

Jonah — Now we’re home-free! And it’s a good thing because I was totally gonna cop out and say you stole whatever they were looking for.

  • I was totally going to take the easy way out, was going to lie so I wouldn’t get in trouble, run away from the consequences.

Charles — Gee, thanks. I’m sure that cop-out would’ve worked.

  • I’m sure that lie would’ve worked, that bad excuse.

Jonah — Welp, are you ready for this trip? It’s your first time out of the state, right?

Charles — Yeah, kinda. I always get nervous on planes. It’ll be nice to see another part of the country, though.

The engines revved up and the plane started to move. Habitually, Charles started to pray and kissed his hands.

Jonah — That’s what I’m talking about! Even in a foreign country, you keep your traditions. That’s what I mean by not being a cop-out! Don’t sell out your traditions, don’t forget where you come from.

  • Not being a sell-out, not giving up on your identity, not changing who you are.

Charles — Yeah, yeah, yeah. Let’s just enjoy the flight, okay?

Jonah — Enjoy? I’m relaxed as can be. I don’t know what you’re so scared about anyway!

Charles bumped his friend in the ribs with his elbow.

Charles — So, now I’m the scared one?

Last thoughts

I would say by far, the most common use of Cop is relating to police. This will probably be the first thing that comes to most people’s minds. Cop out is also very common and used across the U.S., if not the world. Talking about police, “cop” is the most common slang word for a police officer, even though there are several others. It is also the least offensive and most neutral term for the police.

Copping something is more of a regional slang and I don’t think it’s as common for so many English speakers. I’m sure lots of people understand it, but it is the least used meaning out of the others we talked about here.

**Thanks for reading! I hope this helped you to better understand these expressions. Can you use “cop” or “cop-out” in your own sentences? Comment below! And feel free to contact me with any questions, comments, or if you want to collaborate on the page (tietewaller@gmail.com). You’re more than welcome! Until next time. Peace.

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