Nigerian English – learning about the accent

about the Nigerian accent of English with Nigerian national flags in the background

Hi, I’m Susan Rex from Nigeria and always being a Nigerian (Smiling). I’m thankful to Trystn Waller for giving me this alternative to a guest post about my country Nigeria and its accent (just in brief). I’m a Relationship Coach, helping to build healthy relationships. I hope you like this post and also share your thoughts with me as well.

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Main Article

Nigerian spoken English is an amalgamation of British English and American English. The outcome is an imaginative clash of broken English and words that have cheerfully grown eternally distant from their original definitions.

Path to Getting the Nigerian Accent

Cutting out inner syllables

  • Medicine pronounces as “med-sin
  • Happy Birthday pronounces as “api betday
  • Concern pronounces as “consign
  • Get out as “gerrat
  • Start as “stat
  • With as “wit
  • Bathroom as “baffroom” etc.

Swap your “er” for “a”

  • Paper pronounces as “pay-pah
  • Father pronounces as “fathah
  • Mother as “mothah
  • Helicopter as “elucuptah” etc.

Nigerians also pronounce each of these groups of words in the same manner.

  • Work and walk (pronounced as same)
  • Bus and boss (pronounce as same)
  • Saint and sent (pronounce the same)
  • Curb and cub 
  • Hair and air
  • Ear, hear, and here (pronounce the same way).

Having the basic conversation

  🇬🇧 (Standard)


How are you?

No problem.

I’m walking please.

Please, where is the bathroom?

I don’t know.

I don’t understand.

 🇳🇬 (Non-Standard)

How far.

How you dey?

No wahala.

I dey waka abeg.

Abeg where the baffroom dey?

I no no.

I no sabi.

(Add “No” if you need to say that you don’t understand something or don’t have something. Also, Nigerians refer to older people as Auntie or Uncle, pronounced as “hanty or “uncul”, to show manners and respect.)

Let me remind you that if you are not a Nigerian, it will be hard to blend in with the accent. That’s one of the unique things about being a Nigerian; no one can take that away from us, not even those that colonized us. 

image written Nigeria and a map of Nigeria in the back, landscape of a city in Nigeria in the background

**I hope you enjoyed this article from Susan Rex and got some better insight into the unique accent of Nigeria! Please feel free to contact her with more questions, and read her website to get advice about healthy relationships. I appreciate you doing this guest post for us, Susan, and I look forward to seeing what others have to add about the Nigerian accent. Stay safe out there, people! Peace.

Read more: the Blog

Listen & Read: a Nigerian song in Lyrics “Explained”

What makes New Brunswick unique? 12 Cool Reasons 🇨🇦

Hopewell Rocks at high tide on the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick
Hopewell Rocks

Off to the Maritimes! New Brunswick is known for its majestic floral scenery and one of the lowest costs of living in Canada. Besides cheaper housing and one of the oldest universities in North America at UNB, there’s a lot on the inside that makes this province a special place. So let’s learn about the newest Brunswick here with some quick geography and a look at its special features.

NEW BRUNSWICK: Quick Geography

Canadian Provinces and Territories, New Brunswick highlighted in red

Also called NouveauBrunswick (Nu-voh-Brhunz-wick) in French, this place is a lot smaller than the “Central Canada” provinces we’ve seen in previous posts. It is both a part of the Atlantic region and the Maritimes region of Canada, mostly encompassing what was the historic French Acadia. The first settled part of New France, New Brunswick is actually the center of historic Acadia.

Read more: Canada on the Map, more Canadian provinces

It borders the U.S. to the west and has Atlantic coastline in almost every other direction. Most of the province lies in the Northern Appalachian mountain system which is home to large forested areas. Most of these fall under a humid continental type climate with more subarctic features in the highlands.

The capital towards the center is Fredericton, while Moncton in the east is the biggest city. The province after all is named to honor King George III of England. That’s because he was the ruler of a German duchy called Brunswick back when New Brunswick became a province.

So what makes New Brunswick unique? Here are 12 (-ish) cool reasons!

1. Because of the Hopewell Rocks & Fundy National Park

Possibly the most iconic sites on the Bay of Fundy, the towering Hopewell Rocks are truly a postcard image of NB. The Bay itself is a section of the Atlantic that creates these huge fluctuations in tide level. This makes it so that the rocks, many of them with miniature forests on them, can be sailed by at one time and walked under on the same day.

Because of all the arches and crazy-shaped rocks, these are probably the coolest things about the province. Still, they form a part of the larger Fundy National Park, which adds beautiful Atlantic forests and waterfalls to the equation. Some really pretty ones are Dickson Falls, Laverty Falls, and Third Vault Falls.

2. Because of the Bay of Fundy

rocks and rugged forest coastline at the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick
Bay of Fundy – by Tobias Negele

Outside of those localized attractions, the entire Bay of Fundy is a great place to explore, especially along the Fundy Trail Parkway. This road/trail leads to a series of scenic coastal views that pass pretty landmarks like Cape Enrage.

The Big Salmon River has a cool extension bridge aside from being a wonderful nature spot. There’s also Saint Martins, home to a quiet town, forested beaches, and some impressive sea caves to take awe in.

3. Because of Campobello & Grand Manan

Bordering the U.S. state of Maine is another bay called Passamaquoddy which is home to a number of islands. The most intriguing is probably Campobello Island which was U.S. President Roosevelt’s seasonal home. Encompassing the area is Roosevelt-Campobello International Park (that’s right, inter-national) which harbors a series of homes and gardens on the island.

Nearby is Herring Cove laid aside for enjoying the peaceful green seaside by trail. Not far from Campobello is Grand Manan Island, a classic Maritimes island with rocky shores, lighthouses, and little historic villages. The landscapes are dramatic and a wonder to take in, having some arched rocks of its own.

4. Because of Fredericton

Fredericton is probably one of the lesser-known capitals in Canada, but it plays a role in making NB special. Home to important museums and historic zones, Fredericton is a great place to witness the traditional Changing of the Guard ceremony.

The city is also home to a popular Harvest Jazz & Blues Festival. Fredericton isn’t very big, and so there’s plenty of green space to connect with nature like in the arborous Odell Park.

5. Because of Moncton

Switching quickly to New Brunswick’s most populous city, Moncton is another example of nature mixed well with urban life. Besides historic architecture and the street art scene, natural anomalies like the Tidal Bore carry water upriver for a chance to surf the wave.

Magnetic Hill also offers up some mystery as cars can be witnessed rolling uphill when the time is right. A little less creepy is the Magnetic Hill Zoo which is a nice spot to interact with animals that otherwise have no business at such a high latitude.

6. Because of Historic Saint John

St. John is one of the more popular cities in New Brunswick, and it’s easy to see why. There are important cultural centers like the New Brunswick Museum. Prince William Street is a living outdoor museum showcasing the city’s classic façade.

Other historic points of reference are old strongholds like the Carleton-Martello Tower and Fort Howe, adding some Medieval ruggedness to this New World city. St. John also has a number of open areas like Market Square and the nearby City Market held inside the well-preserved market building still in use from long ago.

7. Because of Saint John’s nature

St. John is much larger than a city and counts with some of the province’s most iconic natural sites. This includes the Stonehammer Geopark, home to gorges, caverns, and coastal wonders like the whirlpools at the famous Reversing Falls.

Other pretty coastal areas are the marshes and cliffs at Irving Nature Park and the wide shores of Mispec Beach. Sprawling woodlands also hit close to the city with places like Rockwood Park and the Loch Alva Wilderness Area.

8. Because of its East Coast

The east coast of NB has some important natural spots like the vast wetlands at Kouchibouguac National Park. It is stocked with trails and boardwalks to explore these isolated wet habitats.

A cool town on these ends is Shediac, an old Acadian post now known for its tasty seafood — and for having the biggest lobster in the world (don’t worry, it’s not real). Also in the Shediac is Parlee Beach, a nice-looking chill zone for sun-searchers during those warm months.

9. Because of its Wilderness & Countryside

Settlement in New Brunswick is largely rural, really uncommon for an urban nation like Canada. This makes for a nice country setting and allows for landmarks like the Hartland Bridge, the longest covered bridge in the world. A pretty sight, there’s also little Nackawic which is home to the world’s largest axe. Is it me, or does New Brunswick have a high proportion of “biggest things in the world”?

Taking it even rural-er, Kings Landing is a sort of historic village dedicated to preserving and teaching about how life was way back in colonial times. It’s very cool that they preserved this, actually. There are also scenic wilderness areas like the Jacquet River Gorge and Mount Carleton Provincial Park, home to the biggest mountain in the province. I’ll let you guess what it’s called.

Read more: Plan a visit to Kings Landing!

10. Because of Saint Andrews

When America decided to break free of Britain, some of those settlers clearly wanted to stay loyal to the Crown. Many of the Loyalists went off into New Brunswick, and one of the main towns they established was at St. Andrews. Also in Passamaquoddy Bay, this town is ideal for whale watching trips, as well as a number of really pretty historic structures like The Algonquin resort.

Read more: about St. Andrews & whale watching

The Kingsbrae Garden mixes several of these structures in a series of enchantingly designed gardens with windmills, green groves, and flowers of all shades. Close to town is Ministers Island, a nice little getaway with some languish old manors and long stony banks to wet your feet in.

11. Because of the Acadian Peninsula

This area is one of the true heartlands of New Brunswick and the Maritimes in general. Caraquet is a small coastal town and a good introduction to the wider region. Going in, you have the Village Historique Acadien, another impressive token of preservation for the region’s Acadian settlers.

After exploring the old French village, go out to Miscou Island. It has the wonderful lighthouse and sandy shores that one should expect. Meanwhile, in fall, the ground foliage paints swathes of the island in fiery reds and oranges, covering this place in scenic wonder.

12. Because of the Culture

For being one of Canada’s smaller provinces, NB sure is filled with a lot of special places. The population is a lot more rural than in most of Canada, and this gives a more downhome sense to even the urbanites.

New Brunswick is the only province where both English and French are fully official, and this rubs off on its identity. It was the center of Acadian settlement and still preserves aspects of French and First Nations traditions. Some of the best-preserved historic sites and ceremonies in all of Canada are located here, and the beauty of this preservation attracts newcomers from all over the globe.

Even though it has faced hard economic times compared to much of the country, it aces in staying true to what makes it special. America’s New Englanders even reached in and had an impact given the area’s openness to helping them during war time. With its truly unique and nearly inexplicable natural beauty, New Brunswick is the perfect mixture of present, past, and environmental bliss couped up in a single place.

**Tell us what you think about New Brunswick! What could you add to (or take off of) this list? I know there’s a lot more that makes this place unique. Do you want to write your own article telling us about New Brunswick, or would you like to collaborate with me? Send me a personal message at, or write me on my contact page. Thanks for reading! Peace.

What makes Montreal unique? – 11 Cool Reasons 🇨🇦

Well, it doesn’t take much to see how special of a city Montreal is in Canada, let alone the world. A big city, one of the safest big cities, a popular spot for students and travelers looking for a one-of-a-kind corner of North America. Montreal is French but the English presence is apparent. Are you aching to learn some more? Take a journey into the royal city.

So what makes Montreal so unique, then?

Map of Montreal highlighting Montreal Island

Montréal: Quick Geography

First off, Montreal is Canada’s second-biggest city by population and the biggest in Quebec province. It’s got over 1,704,000 people in the city and over 1,942,000 in the urban area. The city is located on a group of islands, mainly the Île de Montréal (Il-de-Mon-trhey-all) or Montreal Island. The big island sits between the mighty St. Lawrence River and the smaller Prairie River, also standing at the head of the Ottawa River.

Once called Ville-Marie, 16th-century French came to name the city after a three-hill point called Mount Royal or Mont-Réal back in those days. In Ojibwe, the city is known as Mooniyaang after a “first stopping place” in their migration legend. Otherwise, it’s called Tiohtià:ke Tsi in Mohawk meaning “a place where nations and rivers unite and divide.” That fits the city pretty well.

Montreal is divided into 19 boroughs with their own mayors and councils too. Let’s look at some features!

1. Because of the St. Lawrence Riverfront

Jean-Drapeau Park and the Biosphere on the Île Sainte-Hélène
Jean-Drapeau Park, Île Sainte-Hélène – by Guillaume TECHER

Montreal’s main riverfront is home to a couple of core attractions, including a few islands. The Île Sainte-Hélène (Il-Sent-Eh-len) or “Saint Helen’s Island” is right in the middle of the river. It is home to a major theme park called La Ronde, as well as the famous Jean-Drapeau Park with the giant Biosphere globe.

Just next to it is the Île Notre-Dame which has the prettily designed adult playground known as Montreal Casino. There’s also the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, a major track used for the Canadian Grand Prix. It’s also great for casual strolls to take in a view of Old Montreal.

Montreal's Old Port at dusk with the clock tower and bridge in the background
Old Port of Montreal – by Walid Amghar

On the main island is the Old Port where old boats still sail like they did back in colonial times. There’s also a promenade with the pretty Montreal Clock Tower looming above the water. Out on a little strip by the port is Habitat 67, a building complex with unique box-shaped sections that looks like a giant Tetris game. That’s different.

2. Because of Old Montreal

Notre-Dame Basilica interior, Old Montreal
Notre-Dame Basilica – by Annie Spratt

Old Montreal is the classic cobblestone and horse carriage image of the city that visitors love. The place is stocked with beautiful old architecture like at City Hall and the Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral, one of the largest cathedrals in North America.

There’s also the famous Notre-Dame Basilica with the extremely beautiful interior appreciated by both pro- and non-Catholics around the world. The Château Ramezay is an old hotel establishment and one of several places that offer an experience to go back in time to Quebec’s good olden days. That’s why Old Montreal is a national historic site in Canada.

3. Because of Ville-Marie

a view of Ville-Marie, downtown Montreal with the riverfront
view of Ville-Marie – by Annie Spratt

Ville-Marie is basically the main core of Montreal being one of its boroughs. Besides Old Montreal, there are a number of really nice cultural centers like the Redpath Museum and the Museum of Beaux-Arts.

Besides the many squares and skyscrapers, the queen of them is the 1000 de la Gauchetière which stands at the height of Mount Royal. They would build it taller, but the city doesn’t allow for buildings any higher than those hills. The top has an awesome aerial view of the city and its surroundings, and it holds a big skating rink for those who want a less lofty adventure.

On the sub-ground level, Ville-Marie has an Underground City full of shops and eateries. It’s a popular place to do some shopping and escape the bitter Montreal winters.

4. Because of the Entertainment

the Quartier des Spectacles square at evening with colorful decorations
Quartier des Spectacles – from

One of the main spots near downtown is this big square called Quartier des Spectacles. It’s a very interestingly designed locale that lights up with parties and festivals all throughout the year. Especially around the Place des Arts, the area is also full of galleries and theaters of all kinds, as well as the Grande Library.

Montreal, in general, is famous for its big festivals, some of them being the biggest or only of their kind in the world! To list a few you have the:

  • International Jazz Festival
  • Nuits d’Afrique (African Nights)
  • Circus Festival
  • International Fireworks Festival
  • Igloofest
  • Canadian Grand Prix
  • Just for Laughs (comedy fest)
  • Les Francos de Montréal (French music festival)

5. Because of the Food & Neighborhoods

Poutine with a thicker beef gravy, plate originated from Quebec
Poutine, a Quebec original – By Jonathunder

Montreal is very famous for its food and drink scene, having some of the most unique cuisines in North America for a number of reasons. World-famous restaurants and good wine or craft bars are found throughout, and you can’t go without the poutine!

Read more: Food & Culture tours

colorful graffiti and street art at a corner around Saint Laurent Boulevard, Montreal
graffiti art around Boulevard St.-Laurent – by Benoit Debaix

Other cool neighborhoods to explore shops and historic architecture are Mile End and Rue Saint-Denis. In this area is the Jean-Talon Market, Montreal’s biggest open-air market to get your eat on. Lastly, Boulevard Saint-Laurent is another quirky hood to explore with tons of weird and cool street art, as well as some shops of its own.

6. Because of Mont-Royal

view from a belvedere on Mount Royal, Montreal
view from Mont-Royal – by Matthias Mullie

The city’s namesake isn’t just some mountain but a massive park space with lots of serene nature. With tons of natural space and activities year-round, Mont-Royal also has a number of monuments, major cemeteries, and belvederes to take in the view of Montreal.

The views alone are enough to make you grateful they don’t build skyscrapers higher than the mountain. One of the main sights to take in the park’s beauty is Saint Joseph’s Observatory.

7. Because of the Islands & Nature Parks

Despite being one of Canada’s biggest cities, Montreal has left plenty of room for nature to stay in play. This shows in places like the lush Bois-de-Liesse Nature Park along the Prairie River, or the Cap-Saint-Jacques Nature Park.

This big park has cool activities like maple shacks to extract syrup, livestock farms to interact with animals, and even some decent beaches for the summertime. Much of the park is undeveloped and remains a quiet wood area.

Other isolated parks located on islands are Île-Bizard and the Îles-de-Boucherville National Park. These places are ideal for exploring the waterways and natural landscapes around the city. Île-Perrot offers similar parks with a few historic structures to add to this quaint setting.

8. Because of Urban Parks

fountain and tranquil pond setting at La Fontaine Park, Montreal
the fountain at La Fontaine Park – By Jeangagnon

Other than Mont-Royal, the city is also stacked with nice urban parks. This includes La-Fontaine Park with its pretty ponds and forest scenery. A similar park with tranquil settings is Agrignon Park on the south side.

Frédéric-Back Park is a former quarry / landfill that’s in the process of becoming one of Montreal’s biggest urban parks. As of now, it’s got a few cool works of art in it, and it’s dotted by a bunch of weird scattered spheres. These things are a part of the biogas cleanup in the park and make for an interesting sight even if they’re not intended to be.

9. Because of the Botanical Gardens & Olympic Park

Montreal Botanical Garden and the Japanese Garden section
Japanese Garden, Botanical Gardens – by Hansel Wong

Montreal’s Botanical Gardens are some of the most awarded and revered gardens in the world. They are actually a group of gardens with international themes, and whether it’s the Japanese, Chinese, or First Nations, you can’t really go wrong. They’re also really nice because the gardens stay remarkably pretty no matter the season of the year.

Read more: Jardin Botanique

Olympic Stadium and Leaning tower at Olympic Park in Montreal
Olympic Stadium – By Tolivero

Next door at the Olympic Park are a few attractions like the Montreal Biodome and the park itself. Over here is the Leaning Tower which allows visitors to get a more “slanted” view of the city from above. There’s also the Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium, a popular place to learn about astronomy and make crafts or watch movies, among other fun activities.

10. Because of the Suburbs

the Rivière-des-Mille-Îles or thousand islands river in the suburbs of Montreal, Laval
Rivière-des-Mille-Îles – By Pierre Bona

Another cool thing about Montreal is its suburbs which add their own mix of nature and history to the urban area. Mont-Royal (the city) has a few of these places, centered nicely on a main square and the interesting Connaught Park.

Further from the center are places like Pointe-Claire with several nice parks, historic architecture, and art galleries on the St. Lawrence riverfront. Terrebonne has lots of nature and provides venues for skiers and snow sport lovers, as well as the historic Île-des-Moulins (Il-de-Mu-lunn). This area was a hotspot for Quebec’s noble landowners and houses several historic sights like 18th-century mills still standing in place.

Terrebonne-Ecluse des Moulins, church in Terrebonne, Quebec
Terrebonne – By Pierre Bona

Laval is another suburb popular for its nature and beautifully-built University of Laval. There’s also the Rivière-des-Mille-Îles (He-vyehr-deh-Mill-Il) or “Thousand Islands River” where explorers can walk or boat through the forested waterways and many isles.

Read more: What makes Northern & Southern Quebec special?

11. Because of its Culture (+ closing thoughts)

Often the name Montreal speaks for itself. This city stands alone in all the world for its impressive array of cultural sights, festive events, and beautifully preserved buildings. That speaks to a city that hasn’t lost its origins. Often split between French and English influences, Montreal has been able to balance these nicely into its identity.

It’s the second biggest city where French is the majority language, but English can be heard by a large portion of the people too. This even makes it unique within Quebec, since more rural areas are almost entirely French-speaking. A haven for students and art lovers, the cuisine and shopping alone could attract people from all over. And they do.

Strong religious roots have sculpted some of the most beautiful structures in Canada while new traditions create an impressively modern and entirely unique feel to the city. Montreal is diverse, a world leader, a trend-setter, and a genuinely standalone place in this world. Thank you for reading, and I hope this opened the door to your discovery of this spectacular world city!

About Guyana – The Actual English World

I really like this guy’s channel

What can we say about the nation of Guyana? It’s a fairly small country — well, most countries look small next to Brazil. Guyana is known for its preserved nature, unspoiled rainforests, scenic mountains, and wildlife. It’s a somewhat black, somewhat East Indian, really mixed country all around with a diverse and unique face in the world. Ready to learn more about the English-speaking world? Let’s talk about Guyana.

map of Guyana regions
regions of Guyana

Geography: The Basics

Officially known as the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, the first thing to know is that Guyana’s located in South America. The nation is divided into 10 regions which are broken into smaller divisions called neighborhoods. Each neighborhood, represent! The capital city is Georgetown within the Demerara-Mahaica region.

a wooden building in Georgetown, Guyanese capital
Georgetown – by Dinesh Chandrapal

The country has a total area of about 83,000 square miles (215,000 sq km). That makes it a bit bigger than Belarus and a bit smaller than Laos. The country’s population is over 743 thousand, slightly less than Bhutan or about the same as the city of Seattle.

Guyana on the Globe

political map of the Guianas region with Guyana highlighted in light red
all the Guianas – By ArnoldPlaton

So Guyana is actually part of a larger region called the Guianas. These are a group of countries and parts of countries in northern South America along the Atlantic coast, east of the Orinoco River. It shares land borders with Brazil, Suriname, and Venezuela with which it has an ongoing border dispute.

Most of the people and major towns are on the wet coastal plains, Georgetown included. Otherwise, Guyana has mountains inland at the Guiana Highlands. Mount Roraima is the highest peak which it shares on a 3-point border with Venezuela and Brazil.

Kaieteur Falls, large waterfall in Guyana
Kaieteur Falls – By Sorenriise

The region has a bunch of those table-top mountains called tepuis, made popular in the Pixar movie, Up. The Essequibo is the longest river forming some major islands at its mouth. Also in the highlands is Kaieteur Falls, believed to be the biggest single-drop waterfall in the world!

The Climate

Satellite image of Guyana
Guyana from space – By NASA

Pretty easy to describe, Guyana’s climate is mostly tropical in the whole country. Of course, it is cooler in the highlands and wetter in the lowlands. It is fairly moist throughout the year with a rainier and drier season.

savanna landscape in the Guyanese interior
savanna in Guyana – by Joshua Gobin

The coast and rivers have lots of wet plains, swamps, and mangroves, while sandy hills and savanna appear inland. There’s also a large rainforest region part of the greater Amazon forest system. Guyana has one of the largest and best-preserved forest areas in the world for its size.

What’s the History?

Patamona indians on the kaieteur plateau
Patamona people – By H. I. Perkins, Esq.

Like everywhere else in the Americas, Guyana was first inhabited by a number of indigenous peoples, most notably the Arawak and Carib tribes. The first Europeans that really settled there were the Dutch in the late 1500s, and they were able to set up a few distinct colonies there.

Later in the 1700s, the British took control, as you do. They eventually united the Dutch colonies into one and called it British Guiana, since there were other Guianas. Around this time, Venezuela started to dispute a large area of Guyanese territory as its own, claiming the area as Guayana-Esequiba.

And the claim has never really been resolved. Finally, in the 1970s Guyana gained independence from the UK, even though they’ve remained a part of the Commonwealth ever since.

Read more: about Canada and the British Commonwealth

One Weird Story

There’s one strange part of Guyana’s history that needed its own separate section. Just after its independence in the ’70s, the government leased some land to this obscure American religious movement called the Peoples Temple. Over time, the group formed a cult that got real dangerous real fast.

The group went so far as to shoot down a plane, killing a U.S. Congressman in the process after he had just paid them a visit. If that weren’t enough, the next day the group performed a mass suicide or murder drinking some kind of Kool-Aid rip-off with poison in it. It’s a really random and odd story that is now tied to the history of Guyana. Alrighty then.

Okay … & Culture?

Guyanese teens in extravagant costumes celebrating carnival
Guyanese people during Carnival – posted by Rachel Lovable

Even though Guyana is in South America, it is culturally a lot closer to the Caribbean. It’s considered a part of the greater mainland Caribbean region (places like Belize, Panama, south Florida, etc.), and this shows in the music, speech, cuisine, and other lifestyle aspects of the Guyanese people.

Read more: about Belize

In particular, the culture has strong Anglo-Caribbean ties due to British colonization. This shows in English being the official language and its highly diverse population, hailing heritage from India, China, Africa, Portugal, and other parts of Europe. This also shows in its religions, where most the people are Christian, but there’s a large Hindu minority. There’s a smaller minority of Muslims and other beliefs too.

smiling indigenous Guyanese girls in traditional wear
Guyana’s First Nations – by the BBC

The nation of course gets immigration and influences from neighboring countries, especially the other Guianas. Guyana is one of the poorer nations in the region though, and it faces lots of challenges and corruption despite being a country rich in oil. They share a common history of Dutch colonization, heavy slave and indentured labor, and plantation lifestyles that other places like Suriname had. Even though it’s so diverse, Guyana’s people are centered mostly in a small area, allowing the different people groups to mix in well.

In the isolated areas, indigenous culture is more prominent, stemming from the main groups: Wai-wai, Macushi, Patamona, Lokono, Kalina, Wapishana, Pemon, Akawaio, and Warao. Beyond that, several communities were formed by escaped African slaves called Maroons, adding a unique flavor to Guyanese identity.

Even though Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America, most people speak Guyanese Creole as a first language. A common feature in most Caribbean countries, Guyana still technically has its own language. Pretty cool.

Guyanese creole / pronunciation

**What do you think about Guyana? Did you know this stuff, or have you learned something new? I hope you can share more information with us, and I hope this article taught you more about the English-speaking world. Thanks for being a reader! Take care out there.

O que torna a Islândia única? Parte 1 – Região da Capital, Península Sul


Se você for como eu, você sabe que adora viajar, descobrir novas culturas e aprender sobre a beleza deste maravilhoso planeta em que vivemos. Hoje eu quero apresentar (ou reintroduzir?) a você um pequeno e notável país nórdico chamado Islândia. E é muito apropriado começarmos com um olhar sobre a singularidade desses dois lugares: a Região da Capital e a Península Sul (ou Meridional). Você poderá encontrar mais postagens como esta sobre muitas partes do mundo em Earth’s Face.

Quero ser sincero com todos vocês: não estive nesses dois lugares ou na maioria daqueles sobre os quais vou escrever nesta série. Não é uma lista de recomendações para suas viagens, já que não posso recomendar um lugar onde não estive. Isso é parte de um projeto pessoal meu, no qual pesquiso as divisões de estado do mundo por puro prazer, olhando mapas, assistindo vídeos e lendo artigos.

Quero compartilhar o que aprendi com você e encorajo você a descobrir mais por si mesmo. Esta não é uma lista de viagens. Estou apenas compartilhando o que para mim parece tornar esses lugares únicos no mundo, para encorajar você (e eu) a visitá-los, ou pelo menos apreciá-los.

O que torna esses dois lugares tão especiais, afinal? Me deixe apresentar meu caso …

Höfuðborgarsvæðið ou a Região da Capital destacada em vermelho em um mapa da Islândia
Região da Capital  – por Karte: NordNordWest



Então, se você não é islandês e sabe alguma coisa sobre a Islândia, sabe que tem alguns topônimos difíceis de pronunciar. Olha só, apenas tenta ler aquele subtítulo. Ho-fud-bor-ga … e então desiste. Se eu pudesse transliterá-lo para o português, poderia ser “Ró-fud-bur-guers-vê-did”, mas isso não é muito mais fácil. Em termos mais simples, esta é a Região da Capital, e tem muito que a torna única.

Edifício da igreja Hallgrímskirkja na região da capital, Reykjavik, discutindo o que torna a Islândia única
a famosa Hallgrímskirkja – por Yves Alarie

Só para se atualizar um pouco sobre a geografia básica, (provavelmente pode perceber pelo nome) aqui é onde a capital nacional, Reykjavík, está localizada, que também é a capital da região. No sudoeste da Islândia, possui um litoral com colinas e montanhas no interior. É uma espécie de zona mista de clima montanhoso Alpine e Tundra, embora essas qualidades serem presentes da mesma forma para quase toda a Islândia. Ok então, o que faz ele se destacar?

Qualidades e locais

Uma coisa logo de cara é que essa região abriga a maior e mais populosa cidade da Islândia. A maioria dos islandeses mora na capital ou nos arredores, o que é de grande importância. Isso porque a maior parte dos principais aspectos culturais, econômicos e turísticos vem especificamente desta região. Não há melhor lugar para obter uma introdução a este país incrível e seu povo do que começar na Região da Capital.

Um edifício com arquitetura interessante em Reykjavik, discutindo o que torna a Islândia única
Arquitetura legal – por Michael Held
uma rua em Reykjavik pintada com as cores do arco-íris na calçada e com pequenas lojas e apartamentos, discutindo o que torna a Islândia única
rua no Reykjavík – por Square Lab

Há tanta arte aqui. Além das obras urbanas, ali também possui uma quantidade surpreendente de museus. Isso inclui até o Phallological Museum (Museu Falológico), um museu excêntrico (ou safado) cheio de imagens fálicas. Quem diria?

Também há montes de arquitetura única, como a cultural Nordic House (Casa Nórdica), o Perlan, e uma escultura / estátua bacana do Navio Voyager na costa. E tenho certeza que você já viu fotos do todo-poderoso Hallgrímskirkja, a icônica igreja. Eu tive que procurar como se escreve.

A Região da Capital também é um ponto de partida principal para muitas excursões ao ar livre na área. Além da famosa observação de baleias, há uma vasta paisagem arrebatadora de montanhas, campos de lava, vulcões e lindas formações rochosas fora das cidades. Esse contraste torna a região realmente única dentro da própria Islândia.

Alguns lugares naturais muito interessantes para conferir seriam Heiðmörk (Raid-murk), Reykjanesfólkvangur (Hei-quianes-folk-vam-gur) e Krýsuvík (Crui-su-vik), para citar alguns. Este último está, na verdade, em outra parte da região, que está dividida em duas seções separadas, também único na Islândia. Isso vai até a costa sul, onde existem umas falésias longas e pontiagudas mirando para o Atlântico Norte. Se posso dizer mais alguma coisa, a aurora boreal é um cenário deslumbrante atrás da cidade e das montanhas.

Penhascos de Krýsuvíkurbjarg sobre o oceano na Região da Capital, discutindo o que torna a Islândia única
penhascos em Krýsuvíkurbjarg – por Wojciech Strzelecki “Wojtrix”
Suðurnes ou região da Península Sul destacada em vermelho em um mapa
Suðurnes – por A Red Cherry



Isso é facil. A Península Sul está logo abaixo da Região da Capital, no canto sudoeste da Islândia. Se encontra numa península (surpresa!) e justo numa divisão continental entre as placas da América do Norte e da Europa. Sua capital é Keflavík, parte de um município maior chamado Reykjanesbær (Hei-quianes-ber). Eu sei, os nomes! Mas você está aqui, então adora.

uma paisagem deslumbrante com nuvens, campos rochosos nevados e planícies gramadas, discutindo o que torna a Islândia única
paisagem aberta – por Chris Liverani

Qualidades e Locais

Uma grande parte da Islândia está, na verdade, numa zona geotérmica e vulcânica. Isso explica toda essa paisagem eruptiva e borbulhante. A Península Sul não é diferente, e tem muitas qualidades geológicas impressionantes, como as famosas fontes termais da Lagoa Azul. Essas são um conjunto curioso de piscinas azuis fumegantes à frente de um fundo gelado e acidentado. Existe o Trölladyngja (Troul-la-dim-guiá), um tipo de sistema vulcânico com cores e rochas chamativas. Além disso, existem muitos sinais do passado Viking, como as ruínas em Selatangar.

a Lagoa Azul na Península Sul, fumegando fontes termais azuis em um cenário nevado
Lagoa Azul – por Jeff Sheldon

Vários artefatos são bem preservados no Museu Viking, situado fora de Reykjanesbær. Tem até um Museu de Rock ‘n’ Roll islandês se quiser ver ele. Por último, quero mencionar a cidade de Grindavík. Este lugar é uma cidade costeira deslumbrante com incríveis locais naturais do lado dela. Por toda a Islândia existem chalés e alojamentos únicos que você não encontrará fora do mundo nórdico. O isolamento e a singularidade deles, misturados com os cenários inspiradores, contribuem para o que torna essas regiões especiais.

Cultura (ou Últimas Ideias)

Essas duas regiões são a introdução perfeita à Islândia. Elas têm uma quantidade impressionante de cultura, arte e beleza natural. Por serem os principais locais de colonização e turismo do país, é fácil encontrar passeios e coisas para ver. Este é o lugar onde queira obter um gostinho da cultura e identidade pop (ou nem tanto) da Islândia.

A maioria das pessoas famosas e influentes do país vem dessas duas regiões, e a maioria dos imigrantes vem até elas. Isso também contribui para uma experiência mais internacional e diversa. Esses também foram locais importantes para os primeiros assentamentos nórdicos e um acampamento base para os vikings que chegariam à América do Norte bem antes de Colombo. A rica mistura da cultura nórdica histórica e atual é parte do que torna a Região da Capital e a Península Sul únicas.

uma paisagem colorida de campos e formações rochosas e um céu azul nublado acima
paisagem colorida do Ártico 

** Quero agradecer pessoalmente pela leitura! Eu amo que você adora aprender e explorar. Por favor, compartilhe suas experiências nessas regiões da Islândia ou se houver algo que você gostaria de acrescentar a esta breve lista. E uma última coisa: saia e explore o seu mundo! É um lugar bonito.

Os norte-americanos são muito altos e gordos? – Altura e peso nos EUA

Existem muitos estereótipos sobre o povo americano. Sendo um deles, aprendi a identificar alguns menos favoráveis ​​no meu tempo. No entanto, o maior estereótipo de todos que podemos indiscutivelmente identificar seria:


E nem precisei pesquisar esse. Basta perguntar a qualquer pessoa – qualquer mesmo – que não seja dos EUA e eles dirão como todos nós somos corpulentos. Puxa, esquece eles; nós mesmo lhe dizemos o quão gordos que somos, e em seguida, saimos dizendo uns aos outros o quão gordos cada um está.

Como diz o clichê, há boas razões para todos acreditarem nisso. Os americanos não são a população mais gorda do mundo em porcentagem. Várias nações no Pacífico (e no Kuwait por algum motivo) têm proporcionalmente mais pessoas obesas, com a pequena Nauru chegando a 61%. Mas, para ser justo, Nauru é o menor estado do mundo além de Mônaco e da Cidade do Vaticano, e tem apenas cerca de 12.000 habitantes. Compara isso com os EUA, que têm mais de 300 milhões, e você terá mais de um terço das pessoas obesas (118 milhões) e outros 105 milhões que estão acima do peso em geral. Isso é quase dois terços da nação com excesso de peso. Além do mais, infelizmente, 1 em cada 6 crianças americanas é obesa.

Bom, essa foi verdade, então.

Porém, algumas tendências sobre isso, são:

  • a obesidade infantil está em declínio
  • quase metade da comunidade afro-americana está acima do peso
  • há mais obesidade como um todo no Sul do que em qualquer outra parte do país
  • curiosidade, Colorado é o estado com menos excesso de peso
  • fato não-tão-divertido, a obesidade está aumentando no mundo todo

Praticamente o mundo ocidental inteiro (as Américas, a Europa) mais a Austrália e a Oceania veem mais mortes por excesso de peso do que por falta de peso. Os EUA também são uma grande parte desse problema, já que fast-food e alimentos processados ​​se tornaram fáceis, populares e acessíveis para grande parte do resto do mundo. Bom, não somos os únicos participantes nisso, mas os EUA definitivamente desempenha um grande papel na presença duradoura desse excesso de peso.

Dito isso, é claro que nem todos os americanos são gordos. Estou bem abaixo do peso e há cerca de um terço dos americanos que não estão acima do peso. Isso tem que contar para alguma coisa.

Mas … seguindo com uma qualidade um pouco menos vergonhosa do que a obesidade: altura! Este é interessante porque, aparentemente, os americanos costumavam ser as pessoas mais altas do mundo por um tempo. Estudos parecem mostrar uma correlação entre a riqueza de um país e a altura de seus cidadãos.

Apesar de os EUA terem a maior renda em média agora, os americanos chegam a ter cerca de 175 cm de altura.

Tenho que enfrentar a real, se você está lendo isso, provavelmente não usa polegadas e pés para medir.

Eles ainda chegam aquém das alturas do Reino Unido, Canadá, Austrália, Alemanha e do mais alto de todos: os holandeses. Parece que Paul Bunyan se tornou expatriado na Holanda (ou no Canadá, onde ele pertence). No final das contas, os americanos ainda estão entre as pessoas mais altas do mundo, então não pensamos errados.

*Uma pequena observação sobre isso é que asiáticos e “hispânicos” tendem a ser mais baixos do que os brancos ou negros não-hispânicos.*

Em resumo, e sem cavar muito mais fundo, os norte-americanos são muito gordos e altos. Eles são uma das nações mais altas do mundo, o lar das pessoas mais gordas sob uma bandeira estrelada. Mas não me interpretem mal, há muitos americanos baixos e / ou magros para serem encontrados. Muitos deles são meus parentes.

Saiba mais: Outros artigos Em português

Ficam à vontade para verificar esses recursos, pessoal. Existem alguns artigos em inglês realmente úteis para compreender a situação de peso e altura da América com muitos fatos interessantes. Comente e me deixe saber o que você acha!

A situação de altura nos EUA 

Comparando as alturas médias dos distintos países

Fatos interessantes sobre peso / obesidade na América

Outros fatos rápidos sobre a obesidade nos EUA

Definindo sobrepeso e obesidade

Quem é Paul Bunyan?

Why is Northern Quebec special? – 8 Cool Reasons 🇨🇦

Aanischaaukamikw ᐋ ᑎᐹᑐᑖᒡ ᐋᓂᔅᒑᐅᑲᒥᒄ Cree Cultural Institute in Northern Quebec
Aanischaaukamikw – from Cree Cultural Institute

Last time we looked at a smaller section of Quebec, the much-populated south. Here, we’ll focus on the much bigger yet much less-known north of the province. Crater lakes and Dorset ruins are just part of the wonder located out in these snowy lands. But what can be considered unique about such a massive area? To start, let’s review some quick geography. Then we’ll get into why Northern Quebec is so special.

Canadian Provinces and Territories, red highlight on Quebec province

Northern Québec: Quick Geography

In Canada’s biggest province, the northern section takes up the biggest part of the land. Northern Quebec starts generally around the Laurentian Mountains and the Gaspé Peninsula in the south, then it’s just up from there. Mostly a part of the Canadian Shield, other major mountain ranges are in the middle and along the northeast border with Labrador, called the Torngat Mountains.

The climate is mostly subarctic with some humid continental in the far south. Down that way are some mixed and boreal forests, with the rest of the province being taiga and eventually tundra further north. The biggest city/urban area is Saguenay, not far from the Gulf of St. Lawrence. There’s also the Sea of Labrador, Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait, and James Bay, all large extensions of the Atlantic Ocean.

The biggest body of water inland is the Caniapiscau Reservoir, though there is an infinity of lakes. A fun fact, many of the offshore islands from Quebec don’t pertain to the province but are actually part of the Nunavut territory. Many of the little islands not even a mile offshore belong to Nunavut. But one big island does belong to Quebec, and that would be Anticosti.

1. Because of the Île d’Anticosti

Chute Vauréal waterfall on Anticosti Island, Quebec
Anticosti Island – By Thosetimes

Anticosti, also called Notiskuan in Innu or Natigostec in Mi’kmaq, is a big island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. It’s Canada’s 20th biggest island which is saying something because several of the world’s largest islands are here. It’s even bigger than one of Canada’s provinces! (the smallest one)

Other than its size, this island is sparsely populated and is filled with natural wilderness to explore. It’s in a continuation zone of the mainland mountains and is full of rugged terrain, dense boreal forests, hidden valleys, and blue shores. Canyons here hide spectacular waterfalls for travelers to witness. This place seems like going there would take you back in time to the days when people used to be really isolated. This air of mystique makes this place a quiet gem in eastern Canada.

2. Because of Forillon & the Gaspé Peninsula

high cliffs and forest at Forillon National Park, special area in Canada
Forillon National Park – By No machine-readable author provided

These two places go hand-in-hand when talking about Northern Quebec. Stretched out into the Atlantic, the Gaspé Peninsula is home to some of the nation’s most beautiful scenery. Pastured and forested hills sing up and down the coastline. The coast, in fact, would be the highlight of this region.

It is lined with high cliffs and flowery bluffs, some hosting observation decks to take in all the wonder. The beaches I’m sure are rocky and the waters cold, but it’s still an amazing place to take in the views. The most iconic section of the peninsula is in Forillon National Park where some of the best cliffside views can be caught. There are also a number of offshore islands with high table-top cliffs that make for an awesome sight.

3. Because of the Côte-Nord

monoliths at Mingan on the Côte-Nord, north coast in Quebec, near Havre-Saint-Pierre
monoliths at Mingan – By Michel Villeneuve

Since we’re on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, I might as well bring up the Côte-Nord (Coht-Noh), or the “North Coast.” This area consists of a long coastline reaching from the St. Lawrence River in the west all the way to Labrador in the east. The magic of this region comes from the little towns dotted all along the shores.

Historic towns share parts of colonial and indigenous life like Blanc Sablon and Port Cartier. In the latter town, there’s also the Parc de la Taiga, a natural park set aside to preserve the forested landscape. Sept-Îles (Seht-Il), or Uashat in Innu, is a town surrounded by historic sites, islands, and nature. In addition to nearby forests, it’s also host to the Tournoi Orange Alouette, a popular volleyball tournament and the biggest recreational event in the whole province!

Rivière-au-Tonnerre (He-vyehr-oh-Ton-nehr) is another town with important sites like Saint-Hippolyte Church, a beautiful white and red Catholic church near the shore. This town is also special for its nature which manifests in beautiful waterfalls and rivers that descend into the ocean, most notably on the Manitou River.

One more area I want to mention is Havre-Saint-Pierre. Besides being an important fishing and boating town, it is shielded by these curious-looking isles and rock formations. They remind me of the buttes found in the Badlands, only out in the water. Mingan is nearby and is home to more of these cool monoliths. The whole area of Côte-Nord is an interesting mix of French, Acadian, Canadian, and First Nations all bundled up into one, and is a unique spot within the country.

4. Because of Saguenay

Chicoutimi area at night with city lights across the river, Saguenay, Quebec
Chicoutimi, Saguenay – by Andre Ouellet

Further downriver is Northern Quebec’s biggest city, Saguenay. It’s actually made up of a couple of cities that were conjoined to make a larger one. With that said, each of the boroughs has its own little vibe and history. The main central borough though is Chicoutimi which is home to lots of historic sites and cool architecture.

A lot of it sits majestically on hills or over the river like the Chicoutimi Pulp Mills. It’s an old mill still open for visiting and one example of the region’s industrial history. Saguenay is pretty far south as far as Northern Quebec is concerned, so the weather is just a little bit better than in other areas.

Saguenay Fjords in northern Quebec
Saguenay Fjord National Park – By Fralambert

A big lake is nearby, as well as the Saguenay Fjords. Sort of a continuation of the Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park, these fjords are lined with daunting cliffs shrouded in forests that tower miles of calm waters below. The area is really great for interacting with the industrial city as much as the serene nature all around.

Read more: Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park and Southern Quebec

5. Because of the Interior

green taiga landscape representing Trans Taiga Road in Quebec
Quebec taiga – by Landon Parenteau

One fascinating attraction in the interior of Quebec is its Trans-Taiga Road. That’s right, road trip time! This highway runs through the heart of the province and up into the distant taigas and tundra. The scenery on this road is ridiculous as drivers can witness a seemingly endless array of lakes and ponds scattered into bits of forest. A lot of the road follows the mighty Caniapiscau Reservoir.

Sometimes there are so many lakes that the road looks like a bridge going over them, and the best views seem to come when the sunlight hits the hills and waters at just the right angle. Northern Lights and starry nights just add to this magical road of the Canadian Subarctic.

You can’t really think of northern Canada without thinking of the First Nations, and Quebec’s interior has a number of Native sites and cultural centers to enjoy. One of these places is the Aanischaaukamikw (sorry, no pronunciation help on this one guys). In English, that’s the Cree Cultural Institute, dedicated to preserving and teaching about the regional Cree people.

Besides the cultural offerings, the building itself is just really beautiful and one of the best examples of modern Native American architecture there is. The center is also really close to Lake Mistassini, a big body of water that looks to be popular among fishers and nature lovers alike.

Read more: Cree Cultural Institute

6. Because of the Torngat Mountains

Kuururjuaq National Park in the Torngat Mountains, Canada
Kuururjuaq National Park – by Parks Canada

The Torngat Mountains are mostly in Labrador, so I’ll dive deeper into them when we reach that point. Still, a nice section of these Northern Cordillera steeples reaches into Quebec. For those who don’t know, the Torngats are some of the most beautiful and scenic mountains in the entire world, hands down. They aren’t that well-known and are isolated too, which means minimal tourists.

Most impressively on the Quebec side is Kuururjuag National Park, a sweeping area of valleys and imposing mountains that could drop a jaw ten times over. It’s also home to Mont D’Iberville, the tallest mountain in eastern Canada. The core vein flowing through this area is the George River. It snakes through the valleys and canyons, offering excellent fishing and wildlife. I think a salmon run happens up this way too, but the landscapes really drive this area home.

7. Because of Nunavik & the far north

Pingualuit crater in northern Quebec
Pingualuit crater – By NASA

Nunavik, spelled ᓄᓇᕕᒃ in Inuktitut, is as far north as you can get in Quebec. Along with wild tundra landscapes to contrast the forested south, parks like Pingualuit offer up adventure and cultural interaction with the local Inuit peoples. There’s also the Pingualuit crater, once formed from an outer space impact that’s now a circular lake.

The intriguing landscape is somewhat reminiscent of the moon, really, just with a lot more water. There’s also the Tursujuq National Park, a rugged area near the Hudson Bay coast. It is stocked with hills, plateaus, and rushing rivers that turn into waterfalls. It reminds me of some of the places in Iceland, actually.

Read more: What makes Iceland unique?

In the far north is Pamiok Island, home to the Imaha historic site. The site is a set of rocky ruins once thought to belong to Viking settlers. The site is now recognized as belonging to the local Dorset culture, an ancient Eskimo culture that once inhabited the area. Very cool!

8. Because of the Culture (+ last thoughts)

Northern Quebec is such a mystery to many. It’s Quebec, so we know about the French influences. It’s an area that was pushed forward by logging and industry, though that was only in a small section. Acadians historically occupied and sought refuge here, adding to the identity of the region. It is a place dominated by boating and marine life in some parts, forestry and mountaineering in another, and vast icy settings in others.

Historic cultures have risen, fallen, and sustained themselves in the more isolated parts of the country. Northern Quebec is mostly unexplored and untouched, and this adds to the beauty of its land, as well as the uniqueness of its people. With rumored Viking impact, First Nations, and especially Inuit influences, this area is the face of an ancient Canada colliding with modern beauty. Those who decide to make this place a home are strong and hardened for survival, yet friendly and welcoming to show outsiders just how awesome their distant part of the world is.

Read more: Earth’s Face

**Thank you all for reading and I hope you enjoyed this corner of the world. If you’re from here, represent! Do you have more to add (or take out) to this post? Please share with us what you like about Northern Quebec. And please do research, check the links, look at photos and videos, and go see these places for yourself! Stay safe and be well.

Contact me or collaborate!

‘Get police bad excuse’ – meanings & uses of Cop, Cop-out

If you’ve listened to English for long enough, you’ve probably heard the word “cop” before. It can have a couple of different meanings, though. We’ll take a look at these differing definitions with some explanations and some dialogue using our old trusty friend, Charles. Let’s read along!

Cop (n) o

Like I said, Cop can have a number of meanings in English slang. The most common meaning is a “police officer.” This use is used a lot by people all over the world and is not seen as particularly informal or rude to say. Copper is a more old-fashioned or silly way to say this, but it means the same thing. Don’t confuse it with the metal, copper, though.


Jonah was rustling through his carry-on bag as the airplane gates closed. In his movements he disturbed Charles a bit, knocking him with his elbows. Other passengers were looking at him suspiciously.

Charles — What are you doing, man? You lose something? You keep hitting me with your arms, making everybody nervous.

Jonah — Oh, my fault. I’m just checking here. Gotta make sure I don’t have any weapons on me.

Charles — What are you talking about? Security already checked all that.

Jonah — Didn’t you hear the flight attendant? They said the cops are coming on the plane to search for some criminal.

  • The police are coming.

Charles — Well, it isn’t you. I hope …

Some police officers stepped onto the plane. Jonah started to panic.

Jonah — Oh, shoot! It’s the coppers. Put your head down!

  • It’s the police (in a silly or sarcastic tone).


To Cop (v)

“Cop” has a different meaning when used as a verb. To Cop can mean to get or obtain something, usually from buying it. In this way, it’s normally used as “cop something,” as in, some object or item.

Read more: Cop


Some of the nearby passengers gave Jonah a weird look. He was seriously being overly dramatic.

Charles — Calm down! Why in the world are you so scared for? You’re just going to call more attention to yourself.

Jonah — Nah, they’re probably gonna try to arrest me. I got all this cash on me. And look at my watch! It’s way too fancy to go with this face.

He pointed at himself in the face. This made Charles laugh.

Charles — You’re crazy. Where’d you get that watch from anyway? It’s nice.

Jonah — Oh, this old thing? I copped it from that rapper you went to see over on the east side.

  • I bought it, he gave it to me, I received it in some way.

Charles — Really? You know Lil B Dowry?


Cop out (v)

Another use is as a phrasal verb, combined to make it “cop out.” This is when someone doesn’t stay true to who they are. It is mostly used when someone becomes rich, famous, successful, or just has their reputation threatened. These situations can make a person do things that are not like them, act in a “bad” character, or with poor morals. In a similar way, to Cop out can also be when someone falls back on something they promised to do. This usually isn’t malicious or intentional, but it is a way for the person to escape responsibility or not admit to doing something. It often is when the person is afraid to face the consequences of their actions.


Jonah — Yeah, I know him. He’s a cool dude. He gave me this watch, afterall.

Charles — I thought he lived in a much nicer part of town. He’s a smart guy and he’s always dressed up nice.

Jonah — Well, I’m not surprised. Most of these rappers come from neighborhoods like that. Then they all cop out and forget who their friends are. Sad.

  • They all forget where they came from, stop caring about their friends, change their character.

At this moment, the police were finishing their search and were leaving the airplane. Jonah hadn’t noticed.

Charles — I’m sure he won’t do that. Lil B seems pretty down-to-earth. I can’t see him turning his back on people like that.

Jonah — I’m just saying, he wouldn’t be the first artist from the hood who says he’s gonna help out his block only to get rich and then cop out on everybody. Anyway, let me finish hiding my watch …

  • And then turn his back on everybody, then forget about everybody, then not do what he promised to do.

Charles — For what? The police left already. You’re a free man.

Jonah gave a big smile and jerked his knee, accidentally kicking the seat in front of him.


Cop-out (n)

Cop-out can also be a noun. In this case, it is describing a person who has “copped out,” or gone back on their promise, done things that don’t fit their character. A similar expression in English is a “sell-out.” A sell-out (person) can sell out (action) and do things that go against their morals just for fame, wealth, success, or other reasons. It’s essentially the same idea as “cop-out.” A Cop-out can also be the excuse itself used by a person to escape consequences.


Passenger — Excuse me! Can you stop kicking my chair?

Jonah — So sorry, sir. Won’t happen again.

Then he turned to Charles.

Jonah — Now we’re home-free! And it’s a good thing because I was totally gonna cop out and say you stole whatever they were looking for.

  • I was totally going to take the easy way out, was going to lie so I wouldn’t get in trouble, run away from the consequences.

Charles — Gee, thanks. I’m sure that cop-out would’ve worked.

  • I’m sure that lie would’ve worked, that bad excuse.

Jonah — Welp, are you ready for this trip? It’s your first time out of the state, right?

Charles — Yeah, kinda. I always get nervous on planes. It’ll be nice to see another part of the country, though.

The engines revved up and the plane started to move. Habitually, Charles started to pray and kissed his hands.

Jonah — That’s what I’m talking about! Even in a foreign country, you keep your traditions. That’s what I mean by not being a cop-out! Don’t sell out your traditions, don’t forget where you come from.

  • Not being a sell-out, not giving up on your identity, not changing who you are.

Charles — Yeah, yeah, yeah. Let’s just enjoy the flight, okay?

Jonah — Enjoy? I’m relaxed as can be. I don’t know what you’re so scared about anyway!

Charles bumped his friend in the ribs with his elbow.

Charles — So, now I’m the scared one?

Last thoughts

I would say by far, the most common use of Cop is relating to police. This will probably be the first thing that comes to most people’s minds. Cop out is also very common and used across the U.S., if not the world. Talking about police, “cop” is the most common slang word for a police officer, even though there are several others. It is also the least offensive and most neutral term for the police.

Copping something is more of a regional slang and I don’t think it’s as common for so many English speakers. I’m sure lots of people understand it, but it is the least used meaning out of the others we talked about here.

**Thanks for reading! I hope this helped you to better understand these expressions. Can you use “cop” or “cop-out” in your own sentences? Comment below! And feel free to contact me with any questions, comments, or if you want to collaborate on the page ( You’re more than welcome! Until next time. Peace.

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Why is Southern Quebec special (Besides Montreal)? – 9 Cool Reasons 🇨🇦

Mackenzie King Estate in Gatineau Park, Quebec
Mackenzie King Estate, Gatineau – Photo by Christopher Austin

Again, you guys, these provinces are too big. Here we’re going to take a look at Canada’s biggest province by area. Well, just the southern portion since it alone could be a whole province to itself. If you’re wondering why southern Quebec is so special or interesting, here are just a few reasons. Feel free to do further research, look at some pictures or videos, and explore these places for yourself! And if you’re from this place, please feel a whole lot of pride because it is unique, d’accord?

Awesome! Let’s get into it.

a relief map of Quebec province in Canada

Southern QUÉBEC | Quick Geography

In Canada’s biggest province, southern Quebec is pretty small in comparison to the north. Still, it’s a lot more populous and just a bit warmer. This region is located in the southeast of the country, historically part of Central Canada. The capital city, also called Quebec, is located here, as is the province’s biggest city of Montreal. Quebec is predominantly French-speaking, and in the local language it is spelled Québec (pronounced Keh-bek).

The name comes from either Algonquin or Ojibwe and means “where the river narrows.” This refers to an area on the St. Lawrence River near Quebec City. The St. Lawrence, by the way, is the biggest and most important river in the province, being the point of introduction to many colonists and the main reason we have Canada today.

Surrounding the river are the St. Lawrence Lowlands, giving rise to the upper Appalachian Mountains in the south. North of these lowlands are the Laurentian Mountains which basically divide northern and southern Quebec. The region is mostly mixed and temperate forests with more piney forests in the highlands. It borders the U.S. to the south and east and contains a stretch of isles in the Atlantic called the Magdalen Islands.

1. Because of the Îles-de-la-Madeleine

the coast of the Îles-de-la-Madeleine or Magdalen Islands in southern Quebec, Canada
Îles-de-la-Madeleine – by Original uploader was Aarchiba

These islands (Il-de-la-Ma-da-leyn), also called the Magdalen Islands in English, are set out in the Atlantic and are really a unique part of Quebec. This is mostly due to their brightly colored cliffs and beaches which look almost orange against the deep blue ocean. The hills above are green and dotted with regional architecture and lighthouses.

The best part is that not all the beaches and isles look the same, so different parts of the region have their own special style of cliffs, beaches, and caves. There’s a visitors center and ferries to get from place to place. It’s really a beautiful-looking location in the south of this massive province.

2. Because of the Laurentian Mountains

town of Mont-Tremblant at the base of green mountains and waterfront, Quebec province
Mont-Tremblant – By Stéphane Duquesne

The Laurentian Mountains are considered the divide between northern and southern Quebec, yet they bring outdoor travelers all throughout the year. With beautifully scenic reserves and parks like La Mauricie National Park, Mastigouche, Papineau-Labelle, and La Vérendrye Wildlife Reserve, it’s easy to see why campers, hunters, and fishers flock out to these places to get a whiff of fresh air.

Sept-Chutes (Seven Falls) Regional Park is another one of these remarkable parks with mountains, canyons, and waterfalls of course. Probably the most famous place in these mountains is Mont-Tremblant. This town is traced by imposing mountains and colorful wooden architecture. It looks like a very magical place and has attractions for visitors throughout the year. The best is probably in winter when the area turns into a winter sports wonderland fit for skiers and snowboarders, amongst many other activities.

3. Because of nature in the East

Parc marin du Saguenay–Saint-Laurent, or Saguenay--Saint Lawrence Marine Park on the St. Lawrence River, southern Quebec
Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine ParkBy Pierre André

Still sort of in the Laurentian area, the east of Southern Quebec is also stocked with natural beauty. This area is more influenced by the sea and it shows in its natural areas more than further inland. Especially mountainous and forested, places like Jacques-Cartier National Park or the Laurentides reserve are awesome sites for witnessing North America’s wildlife.

There you can find anything from owls to bears to moose and bison. To check out Canada’s marine mammals, the Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park is perfect for catching sight of whales. They commonly go down to this part of the river to eat, and they make for an awesome sight in the calm waters between the high forested cliffs along the coast.

4. Because of Ville de Québec

the Chateau Frontenac hotel in Quebec City at winter
Le Château Frontenac – By Wilfredor

Otherwise known as Quebec City, this is where it all started. Quebec is pretty famous for being one of the best examples of Europe and particularly France in North America. The best place to see this would be in Old Quebec. You have the Quartier Petit Champlain to walk through and really feel those Quebecois vibes and taste that delicious Quebecois food.

The area is full of iconic plazas, staircases, and historic sites like the Plains of Abraham and the Place Royale. There’s a hill with a citadel and preserved forts to learn about the province’s past. On the St. Lawrence coast is a boardwalk and promenade leading up to the Fairmont Le Château Frontenac, a luxurious hotel and probably the most iconic building in the whole city.

a busy Quartier Petit Champlain, commercial center in Old Quebec
Quartier Petit Champlain – By Wilfredor

Further down the river are parks and beaches like La Plage-Jacques-Cartier Park and the botanical gardens. Important and beautifully designed culture centers like the Museum of Civilization and Quebec’s National Museum of Fine Arts are found in the city. Thinking of adventure, there are places like the Arbraska Chauveau area, a treetop adventure park with ziplining and other sylvan activities.

Montmorency Falls in summertime near Quebec City
Montmorency Falls -by Mercedes Schulz

At the edge of Quebec is Montmorency Falls, a rushing waterfall taller than Niagara with observation decks and a bridge that takes visitors over the powerful waters. Speaking of waterfalls, another great one in the area is in the suburban city, Lévis (Leh-vee). Besides having some of the best views of Quebec from the other side of the river, it also is home to Chaudière Falls (Sho-dyehr). Really, the area is a great mix of history, urban life, and nature all wrapped into one.

5. Because of its other towns

views from Mont-Orford area at sunrise, natural place in southern Quebec
Mont-Orford near Sherbrooke – by Romain B

Putting Quebec City and Montreal aside, Southern Quebec also has lots of other great towns that make it special. Trois-Rivières (Trhah-He-vyehr) is one of the larger cities with lots of cool colonial buildings and churches. It’s also home to the Forges-du-Saint-Maurice, the first successful ironworks in all of New France (French Americas) which can still be visited to this day.

Sherbrooke is another large town, home to pretty buildings and its own important museums like the Museum of Fine Arts. There are also good winter sports venues nearby with Mont-Orford being a key visitor site. Hikers can find swimming spots and scenic viewpoints to catch a glimpse of the rolling Appalachians all around.

Similar spots include Coaticook Gorge with its high bridge and Saint-Jérôme. This town has its own museums, churches, and pretty parks to enjoy winter activities too. And finally, there’s Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Sent-Jon-suh-He-shel-yu). Beyond having all the other cool stuff that Quebec towns are known for, it also is host to a big balloon festival. Beauty is just all around.

6. Because of Gatineau

the Canadian History Museum in Gatineau, Quebec
Canadian History Museum – By Wladyslaw

Gatineau (Ga-te-noh) is a suburban city just across the Ottawa River from, well, Ottawa. Being so close to the capital, it has a reputation as a getaway point of leisure for politicians and civilians alike. Other than famous golf courses and casinos, the uniquely designed Canadian Museum of History is located here.

rushing waterfall surrounded by reddish fall foliage in Gatineau Park, Gatineau
Gatineau Park – by Marc-Olivier Jodoin

Probably the most interesting feature of the city though has to be Gatineau Park. And this isn’t just some park, I mean, it’s practically a woods wilderness on the edge of the city. It’s a massive park with lakes and rivers and has several high lookout points to take in the sweeping beauty. It’s especially pretty during the fall when the red leaves pop like in no other place in Canada.

Read more: Ottawa and Southern Ontario

Another cool feature is the Mackenzie King Estate which once belonged to a prime minister. It’s a set of buildings, bridges, and structures that look sort of like the ruins of an old civilization, yet they are still well-preserved. It’s a really cool place in Quebec with an eery yet enchanted feeling.

7. Because of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré

special religious site in southern Quebec, Basilica of Saint Anne de Beaupre
Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré Basilica – By User Jcmurphy

Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré (Sent-Ann-de-Bo-pwey) is a town not far outside Quebec City. It’s especially famous for its Basilica and major convents, being a popular pilgrimage site for people from around the world. The town is conveniently close to awesome natural sites like Mont-Sainte-Anne.

The region is stacked with forested canyons and waterfalls too, like Sainte-Anne Falls and Sept-Chutes Falls (different from the other Seven Falls mentioned before). It’s also really close to the Île d’Orléans (Il-Doh-leh-an), or Orleans Island. It was one of the first places settled by the French in modern Canada and maintains much of its rural, pastoral identity from back then. Another good reason for Quebec’s specialness. Yep.

8. Because you can explore the region

pouring wine into wine glasses near a vineyard, representing the Brome-Missisquoi wine route and southern Quebec's popular wine and vineyards
Fine wine at Brome–Missisquoi – by nic

Southern Quebec is known for lots of things. Being in a fertile section of Canada between two mountain ranges, wine has become one of its icons. Wineries are laced throughout, but one of the best spoken of is on the Brome–Missisquoi (Bhom-Mis-sis-kwa) wine route. There are a set of vineyards and wineries that’ll take visitors back to Quebec’s French roots, and I mean grape roots.

Read more: Brome–Missisquoi wine

Another fruit Quebec is known for are its apples, and cider tours are also worth a taste. Lastly, the region is home to several Nordic-style spas where visitors can escape the cold (or become one with it). Saunas and thermal pools are just some of what’s offered, along with a white snowy backdrop. And don’t forget to get some famous Quebec maple syrup while you’re at it!

Read more: Cider route

9. Because of the culture (+ closing)

I don’t have to keep beating it on the head, but Southern Quebec is the French capital of Canada. This is where French identity, culture, and heritage have run strongest in North America. It is home to the most French speakers outside of France and some of the best examples of colonial French architecture and culture. Many learn English, but the vast majority have some understanding of French and recognize a French background.

Even within the nation, Quebec has a unique law system, religious traditions, its own recognized celebrities, artists, and literature styles. The Quebecois are considered a “nation” within the nation, and they truly deserve that denomination. The food here has been influenced by this tradition as well as by other immigrants, and the people are just as diverse as one can imagine in Canadian cities.

Home to iconic trends in fashion, cuisine, and preservation of nature as much as its history, this part of Quebec holds a special place in the nation’s heartland. It’s not just the nucleus of French-Canadian identity, but one of the main locations where the country got started. More than being simply French Canada, southern Quebec is Canada.

Read more: other special places in Earth’s Face

**Thanks for reading! Be safe, be blessed, and take care of others. Please come again, and we’ll be chatting soon. Peace!